Limb Apraxia: Types, Neural Correlates, and Implications for Clinical Assessment and Function in Daily Living

  • Eric A. RoyEmail author
  • Sandra E. Black
  • Vessela Stamenova
  • Deborah Hebert
  • David Gonzalez


Apraxia is a neurological disorder of learned movements that cannot be explained on the basis of deficits in basic sensory or motor functions, verbal comprehension, or recognition of tools or objects [1]. While apraxia frequently arises in concert with other impairments such as ataxia, aphasia, and dementia in conditions such as stroke and Alzheimer’s disease, apraxia can be dissociated from these deficits. Apraxia most often arises from left hemisphere damage (LHD) but can also occur with right hemisphere damage (RHD), with incidences ranging between 28–57 % for LHD and 0–34 % for RHD [2].


Barthel Index Gesture Recognition Gesture Production Limb Apraxia Ideomotor Apraxia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The section on Apraxia and Functional Performance is derived from work by one of the coauthors, Deborah Hebert, to be submitted as part of her doctoral dissertation at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric A. Roy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sandra E. Black
    • 2
  • Vessela Stamenova
    • 3
  • Deborah Hebert
    • 4
  • David Gonzalez
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Kinesiology and PsychologyUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada
  2. 2.Brill Chair in NeurologyUniversity of Toronto and Cognitive Neurology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric CareTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Toronto Rehabilitation InstituteUniversity Health NetworkTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Department of KinesiologyUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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