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Using Evidence to Inform NCD Prevention and Health Promotion

  • Tahna Pettman
  • Rebecca Armstrong
  • Belinda Burford
  • Jodie Doyle
  • Laurie Anderson
  • Elizabeth Waters
Chapter

Abstract

The success of NCD prevention initiatives relies on a number of important factors, but one of the non-negotiables is an understanding of what strategies or programs have been implemented and evaluated before, and what contemporary epidemiological, qualitative, and contextual knowledge is available and reliable to inform. The method for finding and assessing the quality and relevance of contributing evidence requires tools that are useful to support policy and practice decision making. This chapter begins by outlining suggested essential components of systematic reviews that may be most useful in informing decisions about NCD prevention and health promotion, including theoretical frameworks or logic models, information on program implementation, outcomes, equity and ethics, and sustainability. The chapter also explores the realities of applying evidence to decisions in policy and practice settings, by discussing aspects of applicability and transferability of research evidence and outlining key questions often asked in policy and practice together with options for combining different types of evidence to inform decisions. Also provided are examples of processes that may assist with evidence-informed decision making.

Keywords

Health Promotion Smoking Cessation Research Evidence Food Outlet Health Promotion Intervention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tahna Pettman
    • 1
  • Rebecca Armstrong
    • 1
  • Belinda Burford
    • 1
  • Jodie Doyle
    • 1
  • Laurie Anderson
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Waters
    • 1
  1. 1.Melbourne School of Population and Global HealthThe University of MelbourneCarltonAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public HealthUniversity of WashingtonWashington, DCUSA

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