The Renin—Angiotensin—Aldosterone System during Hypoxia

  • Hershel Raff
Part of the Clinical Physiology Series book series (CLINPHY)


The adaptation to hypoxia is an integrated response of the respiratory, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, renal, and endocrine systems. Disturbances of water and electrolyte balance during the adaptation to high altitude led investigators to analyze the renin—angiotensin—aldosterone system during a variety of hypoxic states.


Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Plasma Renin Activity Plasma Aldosterone Hypobaric Hypoxia 
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© American Physiological Society 1991

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  • Hershel Raff

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