Micropuncture and Microperfusion

  • Erich E. Windhager
Part of the People and Ideas book series (PEOPL)


The method of in vivo micropuncture of renal glomeruli, tubuli, and blood vessels has been used by physiologists and nephrologists for the past sixty-five years. The history of micropuncture studies shows that for the first two decades one group of investigators working at the University of Pennsylvania in the laboratory of A. Newton Richards (Fig. 1) dominated the field almost exclusively. These studies therefore constitute a coherent self-contained endeavor. There followed a gap in time, a full decade, before others started, afresh and in many directions, where the previous group had ended. It is because of this particular course of events that one can look upon the history of this field as consisting of two stages, one before and the other after World War II.


Proximal Tubule Renal Tubule Nephron Segment Mammalian Kidney Renal Physiology 
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  • Erich E. Windhager

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