Toxicology Facts and Formulas

  • Joseph Varon
  • Robert E. FrommJr.


Toxic ingestions and intoxications are common reasons for emergency department presentation and admission to the intensive care unit. The following formulas, facts, and laboratory values may help the acute and critical care practitioner diagnose and manage these patients.


Toxicology Osmol 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Varon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert E. FrommJr.
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Critical Care ServicesUniversity General HospitalHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Acute and Continuing CareThe University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Maricopa Integrated Health System Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Arizona College of MedicinePhoenixUSA

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