Group Process, Self-Efficacy, and Cohesion: Applying the Principles of Change

  • Elaine Clanton Harpine


The purpose of every after-school program should be to bring about positive, constructive change (Granger et al. 2007). The change might be to help students learn new ways of acting (behavior) and new academic skills, or to develop new techniques for interacting with others in a group setting. You decide what kind of change you want to bring about in your after-school program. Group-centered after- school prevention programs, such as my Reading Orienteering Club, integrate learning and counseling, make full use of group process by stressing interaction and cohesion, stress intrinsic (internal) motivation rather than extrinsic (rewards or prizes), and seek to rebuild self-ef?cacy (belief that the student can accomplish a task) by giving emphasis to vowel clustering


Coral Reef Group Process Vicarious Experience Mastery Experience Constructive Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elaine Clanton Harpine
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South Carolina AikenAikenUSA

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