Closing Remarks



We have shown that head motion occurs during Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) applications and cannot be suppressed completely. Even small changes in the position and/or orientation of the coil with respect to the target can have a substantial impact on the stimulus intensity and therefore on the stimulation outcome. Robotized TMS with active motion compensation, however, effectively offsets these changes, thus maintaining the initial magnitude and orientation throughout treatment. Therefore, robotized TMS outperforms hand-held (neuro-navigated) TMS in terms of accuracy, reproducibility and repeatability.


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Magnetic Resonance Image Scanner Motor Evoke Potential Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent Iterative Close Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Robotics and Cognitive SystemsUniversity of LübeckLübeckGermany

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