Tumor Embolization: Embolization of Liver Tumors

  • Thuong G. Van Ha


With approximately one million deaths per year, liver cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. The disease is, in general, lethal, with the mortality almost equaling its incidence. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) usually arises in the setting of chronic liver disease or cirrhosis and is the most common cause of death in patients with compensated liver cirrhosis. Risks factors for the development of HCC includes hepatitis B carrier state, hepatitis C infection, hereditary hemochromatosis, and cirrhosis. Despite development of different treatment strategy, overall survival rates of HCC remain poor, with estimation of 54 % at 1 year, 40 % at 2 years, and 28 % at 3 years. In patients with late-stage diagnosis, the median survival is between 6 and 20 months.


Liver Transplantation Chronic Liver Disease Transarterial Chemoembolization Hereditary Hemochromatosis Underlying Liver Disease 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thuong G. Van Ha
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of RadiologyThe University of Chicago Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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