Medical Implications of Oocyte Donation

Chapter

Abstract

Fertility treatments have radically changed the outcome for patients who otherwise would not have an opportunity to reproduce. Indications and choices have expanded progressively, with most advances relying on the availability of the patient’s own genetic material. When this latter is not an option, the use of egg donation (DE) becomes a management alternative that has increased in use exponentially. There are important procedural differences between in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET) that are specific to the donor’s and recipient’s cycles that represent an additional challenge for the reproductive endocrinology team. This may expose women to unforeseen procedural, gestational, and long-term risks. Over the years, there have been many claims regarding the medical consequences for donor, mother, and the offspring born through the oocyte donation process. This chapter provides a review of the literature demonstrating some misconceptions of the past and the need for an update to previous recommendations in the management of donor programs. The main objective of this chapter is to review and explain the oocyte donation process and detail possible medical implications for donors, recipients, and offspring.

Keywords

egg donor oocyte donation medical complications 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and InfertilityTexas Children’s Hospital Pavilion for WomenHoustonUSA

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