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Clinical Molecular Diagnostic Techniques: A Brief Review

Chapter

Abstract

The identification and characterization of the genetic basis of disease is often fundamental to diagnosis. Detection of pathogenic mutations in a DNA sample can lead to a diagnosis, possible prognosis, and prospective therapy treatments. Over the years, a variety of molecular biology techniques have been utilized in clinical diagnostic laboratories in the analysis of patient samples. The recent development of next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques has revolutionized the field of clinical molecular diagnostics. In this chapter, we review the development of molecular diagnostic approaches and some of the most commonly used assays prior to the NGS era. Although PCR-based methods are the most commonly used assays in molecular diagnostics today, a number of caveats must be taken into consideration and are also discussed.

Keywords

Cystic Fibrosis Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Clone Polymerase Chain Reaction Fragment Amplification Refractory Mutation System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Human GeneticsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Medical Genetics Laboratories, Department of Molecular and Human GeneticsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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