History and Development of Pacing

  • David Korpas
Chapter

Abstract

The development of pacing technology has always been closely related to discoveries in the field of electricity and, later, electronic components and materials. The first written records of attempts to pace cardiac nerves or muscles in animals using electric current date back to the end of the eighteenth century [1]. In the nineteenth century, successful resuscitations of patients in cardiac arrest using electric current were documented [2]. In addition, the interest in acupuncture increased; in 1825 electric current was applied for the first time through thin-needle electrodes, derived from acupuncture needles. Thus, electroacupuncture was developed with the purpose of applying electric current to pace muscles, nerves, and organs.

Keywords

Zinc Titanium Nickel Filtration Mercury 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Korpas
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Boston Scientific Czech RepublicPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Cybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringVSB - Technical University of OstravaOstrava-PorubaCzech Republic

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