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Natural Products as Anti-inflammatory Agents

  • Gary StonerEmail author
  • Li-Shu Wang
Chapter
Part of the Energy Balance and Cancer book series (EBAC, volume 7)

Abstract

Inflammation is triggered by numerous factors including oxidative stress, environmental pollutants, microbial agents, and physical damage to tissues. Chronic inflammation, characterized by a prevalence of macrophages and lymphocytes in the affected tissues and the overexpression of a host of cellular cytokines, chemokines, and inflammatory enzymes, promotes all stages of cancer development including initiation, promotion, cell transformation, angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. This chapter describes some key mechanisms by which naturally occurring dietary compounds, either alone or in combination, reduce the harmful effects of inflammation and the risk for cancer development. The most extensively studied compounds are a series of polyphenols which influence the inflammatory process in multiple ways including their ability to scavenge oxidative radicals, influence carcinogen activation and detoxification, and regulate expression levels of numerous transcription activators and their associated cytokines, chemokines, and inflammatory enzymes. In the past, the inhibitory effects of naturally occurring compounds, especially the polyphenols, have been attributed mainly to their intrinsic antioxidant capacity; however, it is likely that their direct binding to cellular macromolecules and the associated effects on gene transcription and translation, as well as on enzyme activity, may be equally as important.

Keywords

Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Ellagic Acid Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester Tumor Necrosis Factor Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of MedicineMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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