Advertisement

Policing in Croatia: The Main Challenges on the Path to Democratic Policing

  • Irma Kovčo Vukadin
  • Krunoslav Borovec
  • Tajana Ljubin Golub
Chapter

Abstract

The Croatian police force is a national police force with 20,697 officers. The process of transition from a Communist to a democratic regime was exacerbated by the experience of war, since the role of the Croatian police, at the very time of its creation, was primarily defensive. Although the history of the Croatian police spans a relatively short time-frame, it shows a number of reforms directed toward the development of democratic principles and strengthening the rule of law. Some reform ideas have remained at the level of political rhetoric, but many have been implemented. There is no doubt that reforms will be an ongoing topic for discussion in the Croatian police force. Some phrases that have been repeatedly emphasized as the key objectives of these reforms—depoliticization, professionalism, transparency, integrity, and accountability, continue to represent constant challenges for the Croatian Police.

Keywords

Police Officer Organize Crime Police Force Criminal Offence Police Work 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bakić-Tomić, Lj. (2003). Komunikološko-menadžerski profil rukovoditelja u hrvatskoj policiji [Communication-menagerial profile of managers in the Croatian police force] (Doctoral dissertation). Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb.Google Scholar
  2. Bakić-Tomić, L., Foy, S., & Plenković, J. (1999). Osobni komunikacijski potencijal djelatnika u zanimanjima s povećanim profesionalnim stresom [Personal communication potential of people working under the high occupational stress]. Informatologia, 32(3–4), 137–273.Google Scholar
  3. Bakić-Tomić, L., Foy, S., & Plenković, J. (2003). Komunikološki aspekti policijskog menadžmenta [Communication aspects in the police management]. Informatologia, 36(4), 244–324.Google Scholar
  4. Borovec, K. (2009). Uloga policije u prevenciji zlouporabe opojnih droga [Role of the police in the prevention of drug abuse among youth]. Dijete i društvo, 11(1–2), 407–415.Google Scholar
  5. Borovec, K. (2011). Strategija odnosa s javnošću Ministarstva unutarnjih poslova Republike Hrvatske [Public relations strategy of the Croatian Ministry of the Interior]. Mir, ugled, povjerenje, 53, 1–15.Google Scholar
  6. Borovec, K., Balgač, I., & Karlović, R. (2011a). Interna komunikacija u Ministarstvu unutarnjih poslova: procjena zadovoljstva poslom i zadovoljstva internom komunikacijom [Internal communication at Ministry of Interior: Reported job satisfaction and internal communication satisfaction]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar
  7. Borovec, K., Balgač, I., & Karlović, R. (2011b). Situacijski pristup prevenciji kriminaliteta, od teorije do prakse utemeljene na dokazima [Situational approach to crime prevention, from theory to evidence based practice]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova.Google Scholar
  8. Brincka, Ž., & Raguž, S. (2010). Procjena kao stadij obavještajnog procesa [Evaluation like phase of intelligence process]. Policija i sigurnost, 19(1), 40–49.Google Scholar
  9. Buterin, A. K. (2010). Između policije i zaštitara ne postoji antagonizam, nego sve bolja suradnja. Zaštita, (8). Retrieved February 12, 2012 from http://zastita.info/hr/clanak/2010/12/izmedu-policije-i-zastitara-ne-postoji-antagonizam-nego-sve-bolja-suradnja,167,5177.html.
  10. Cajner Mraović, I. (2001). Neke teorijske i praktične pretpostavke mijenjanja uloge policije u lokalnoj zajednici tijekom 20. Stoljeća: lekcije za 21. stoljeće [Some theoretical and practical assumptions for changes in police role in local community during 20 century: Lessons for 21 century]. Policija i sigurnost, 10(1–6), 98–109.Google Scholar
  11. Cajner Mraović, I. (2009a). Prevencija kriminaliteta u lokalnoj zajednici: nova razina razvoja policije u zajednici [Crime prevention in local community: New level of community policing development]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar
  12. Cajner Mraović, I. (2009b). Prevencija kriminaliteta u lokalnoj zajednici: organizacijske i akcijske upute vijećima za prevenciju [Crime prevention in local community: Organizational and action plans for the prevention councils]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar
  13. Cajner Mraović, I., Cerjak, A., & Ivanušec, D. (2002). Policing sexual assaults: The women’s point of view. In M. Pagon (Ed.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Deviance, violence and victimization: Conference proceedings (pp. 239–251). Ljubljana: College of Police and Security Studies.Google Scholar
  14. Cajner Mraović, I., Faber, V., & Volarević, G. (2003). Strategija djelovanja Policija u zajednici [Action strategy for community policing]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova.Google Scholar
  15. Champion, D. J., & Rush, G. E. (1997). Policing in the community. Upple Saddle River: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  16. Criminal Police Directorate. (2011). State of crime in the Republic of Croatia in 2010 (Unpublished report). Zagreb: Ministry of Interior.Google Scholar
  17. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2006). Počinitelji prekršaja u 2005 (Statistička izvješća 1311) [Perpetrators of misdemeanors in 2005 (Statistical reports 1311)]. Zagreb.Google Scholar
  18. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia]. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics.Google Scholar
  19. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2011a). Popis stanovništva, kućanstava i stanova 2011: prvi rezultati po naseljima (Statistička izvješća 1441) [Census of population, households and dwellings 2011. First results by settlements (Statistical Reports 1441)]. Zagreb.Google Scholar
  20. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2011b). Hrvatska u brojkama 2011 [Croatia in Figures 2011]. Zagreb.Google Scholar
  21. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2011c). Punoljetni počinitelji kaznenih djela, prijave, optužbe i osude u 2010 (Statistička izvješća 1451) [Adult perpetrators of criminal offences, reports, accusations and convictions, 2010 (Statistical reports 1451)]. Zagreb.Google Scholar
  22. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. (2011d). Počinitelji prekršaja u 2010 (Statistička izvješća 1453) [Perpetrators of misdemeanors in 2010 (Statistical reports 1453)]. Zagreb retrieved from 12th Feb 2012.Google Scholar
  23. Dobranović, Ž., & Mihaljević, B. (2008). Privatna zaštita u normi i praksi [Private protection in norm and practice]. Velika Gorica: Veleučilište Velika Gorica.Google Scholar
  24. Dujmović, Z. (1997). Opseg i kretanje kriminaliteta u Republici Hrvatskoj u razdoblju od 1992. do 1997. godine [Scope and fluctuation of crime in the Republic of Croatia]. Kriminologija i socijalna integracija, 5(1–2), 31–52.Google Scholar
  25. Dujmović, Z. (1998). Kriminalitet razbojništva i neke karakteristike njihovih izvida [Criminality of robberies and some characteristics of their investigation]. Kriminologija i socijalna integracija, 6(1), 33–42.Google Scholar
  26. Dujmović, Z., Mikšaj-Todorović, L., & Buđanovac, A. (2002). Robbery in the Republic of Croatia: Period between committed crime and identification of the perpetrator. In M. Pagon (Ed.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Deviance, violence and victimization (pp. 637–649). Ljubljana: College of Police and Security Studies.Google Scholar
  27. Dujmović, Z., Mikšaj-Todorović, L., & Buđanovac, A. (2003). Struktura razbojničkog kriminaliteta u Republici Hrvatskoj i postupanje policije [The structure of crime robbery in the Republic of Croatia and the police response]. Kriminologija i socijalna integracija, 11(1), 13–23.Google Scholar
  28. Dundović, D. (2009). Prikrivene policijske radnje—tajne policijske operacije [Undercover police activities—Confidential police operations]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar
  29. Faber, V., & Cajner Mraović, I. (2003). Strategija djelovanja Policija u zajednici: reforma operativno-preventivnog rada policije u odori [Strategy action for community policing: Reform of the operational-preventive work of the uniformed police]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar
  30. General Police Directorate. (2012). Home page. Retrieved February 12, 2012 from http://www.policija.hr/main.aspx?id=25.
  31. GFk. (2009). National public opinion survey: On citizen perception of safety and security in the Republic of Croatia. Retrieved February 12, 2012 from http://www.undp.hr/upload/file/230/115095/FILENAME/Survey_on_safety_and_security_E.pdf.
  32. Gluščić, S. (2001). Pretraga stana prema odredbama Zakona o kaznenom postupku [Search of home based on Criminal Procedure Law]. Zagreb: Hrvatsko udruženje za kaznene znanosti i praksu & Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova.Google Scholar
  33. Gluščić, S. (2011). Pravni standardi i istražne djelatnosti policije u prethodnom kaznenom postupku [Legal standards and investigative police activities in preliminary criminal proceedings]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar
  34. Greiner, A. (1997). Was zur Aufgabenwahrnehmung des Streifendienstes bedacht werden muß [What is necessary to consider during police patrol]. Die Polizei, 1, 1–2.Google Scholar
  35. Hirjan, F., & Singer, M. (1998). Komentar Zakona o sudovima za mladež i kaznenih djela na štetu djece i maloljetnika [Comment on Law on juvenile courts]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar
  36. Jurina, M. (1994). Prikaz sustava policijskog obrazovanja Republike Hrvatske [Review of the system of police education of the Republic of Croatia]. In J. Šintić (Ed.), Uloga policije u demokratskom društvu (pp. 72–76). Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova Republike Hrvatske.Google Scholar
  37. Jurina, M., Jurković, S., & Pušeljić, M. (1999). Elementi organizacije policije [Elements of police organization]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova.Google Scholar
  38. Karas, Ž. (2004a). Neke kriminalističke značajke hvatanja na počinjenju kaznenog djela [In flagranti cases—Some criminalistic characteristics]. Zbornik Dnevi varstvoslovja (pp. 535–544). Ljubljana: Visoka policijsko varnosna šola.Google Scholar
  39. Karas, Ž. (2004b). Nekatere značilnosti grdega ravnanja ugotovljenega v odločitvah Evropskega sodišča za človekove pravice s posebnim ozirom na kršitve v postopkih organov za notarnje zadeve [Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights with Special Emphasis on Violations Committed by Inner Affairs Bodies]. Varstvoslovje, 6(1), 59–68.Google Scholar
  40. Karas, Ž. (2006). Exclusion of illegal police evidence in Croatia [Special issue]. Varstvoslovje, 8(3–4), 283–292.Google Scholar
  41. Karas, Ž. (2008a). Police and investigating judge: Defining roles in pre-trail evidence collecting. In G. Meško, A. Sotlar, & B. Tominc (Eds.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Social control in contemporary society—Practice and research: Conference proceedings (pp. 83–84). Ljubljana: Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security.Google Scholar
  42. Karas, Ž. (2008b). Ujednačenost sudskih odluka o izdvajanju općih policijskih izvida [Coherence of the Supreme court’s case—Law on admissibility of evidence from police inquiries]. Policija i sigurnost, 17(1–2), 1–15.Google Scholar
  43. Karas, Ž. (2010). The uncertainties in defining undercover investigations in the post-communist systems: Example of Croatia. In G. Meško, A. Sotlar, & B. Tominc (Eds.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Social control of unconventional deviance: Conference proceedings (pp. 109–110). Ljubljana: Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security.Google Scholar
  44. Karas, Ž. (2011). Mistaken eyewitness identification in lineup. In D. Maver, B. Dobovšek, & D. Frangeš (Eds.), Criminalistics/criminal investigation in Europe: State of the art and challenges for the future: Conference proceedings (p. 125). Ljubljana: Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security.Google Scholar
  45. Karlović, R. (2008). Policing developments—Officer’s performance evaluation of Zagreb county police administration. In G. Meško, A. Sotlar, & B. Tominc (Eds.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Social control in contemporary society—Practice and research: Conference proceedings (pp. 100–101). Ljubljana: Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security.Google Scholar
  46. Karlović, R., Vukosav, J., & Borovec, K. (2009). Students’ attitudes regarding substance abuse and preventive actions of the police. Alcoholism, 45(1), 43–52.Google Scholar
  47. Kokot, I. (2009). Utvrđivanje identiteta vozača kod cestovnih prometnih nesreća [Car driver identification in road traffic accidents]. Policija i sigurnost, 18(3), 313–331.Google Scholar
  48. Kolar-Gregorić, T., & Ostojić, J. (2009). Mogućnost korištenja daktiloskopskih prašaka kod tragova papilarnih linija na mokrim glatkim površinama [The possibilities of using fingerprint powders for developing latent fingerprints on wet non-porous smooth surfaces]. Policija i sigurnost, 18(2), 180–187.Google Scholar
  49. Kovčo Vukadin, I. (2011). Analiza dinamike i strukture kriminaliteta u Republici Hrvatskoj u razdoblju između dviju velikih reforma kaznenog zakonodavstva (1997–2011.) [Analysis of the trends and structure of crime in Croatia between two reforms of criminal legislation (1997–2011)]. Hrvatski ljetopis za kazneno pravo i praksu, 18(2), 359–416.Google Scholar
  50. Kovčo Vukadin, I., & Matić, R. (2011). Specific roles and responsibilities of the police in victim assistance—Police officers’ view. Varstvoslovje, 13(2), 145–168.Google Scholar
  51. Kozarić-Kovačić, D., Grubišić-Ilić, M., & Ljubin, T. (1998). Stressors in police. In M. Pagon (Ed.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Organizational, managerial, and human resource aspects: Conference proceedings (pp. 573–578). Ljubljana: College of Police and Security Studies.Google Scholar
  52. Kutnjak Ivković, S. (2000). Challenges of policing democracies: The Croatian experience. In D. Das & O. Marenin (Eds.), Challenges of policing democracies: A world perspective (pp. 45–85). Newark: Gordon and Breach Publishers.Google Scholar
  53. Kutnjak Ivković, S. (2010). The code of silence, perceptions of disciplinary severity, and the Croatian police. In G. Meško, A. Sotlar, & B. Tominc (Eds.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Social control of unconventional deviance: Conference proceedings (pp. 161–162). Ljubljana: Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security.Google Scholar
  54. Kutnjak Ivković, S., Cajner-Mraović, I., & Ivanušec, D. (2004). The measurement of seriousness of police corruption. In M. Gorazd, M. Pagon, & B. Dobovšek (Eds.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Dilemmas of contemporary criminal justice (pp. 300–309). Ljubljana: Faculty of Criminal Justice.Google Scholar
  55. Kutnjak Ivković, S., Cajner-Mraović, I., Klockars, C. B., & Ivanušec, D. (2002). Public perceptions about police misconduct in Croatia. In M. Pagon (Ed.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Deviance, violence and victimization: Conference proceedings (pp. 311–328). Ljubljana: College of Police and Security Studies.Google Scholar
  56. Ljubin, T. (2004). Utjecaj spola na formiranje impresije o žrtvi silovanja [The impact of gender on the forming of opinion toward rape victim]. Kriminologija i socijalna integracija, 12(1), 13–18.Google Scholar
  57. Ljubin, T., & Grubišić-Ilić, M. (2002). Some factors related to police cadets’ perceptions of deviant police behavior. In M. Pagon (Ed.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Deviance, violence and victimization: Conference proceedings (pp. 387–394). Ljubljana: College of Police and Security Studies.Google Scholar
  58. Maršić, M., Ljubin, T., & Britvec, A. (2008). Evaluacija dvije metode nastave za sigurnost rukovanja vatrenim oružjem [Evaluation of two different methods of education in firearms safety]. Policija i sigurnost, 17(1–2), 16–26.Google Scholar
  59. Mikšaj-Todorović, L., & Dujmović, Z. (2000). Obilježja prisile pri izvršenju razbojništva i postupanje policije [The features of coercion in the perpetration of robbery and acting of the police]. Hrvatski ljetopis za kazneno pravo i praksu, 8(2), 893–904.Google Scholar
  60. Mikšaj-Todorović, L., & Dujmović, Z. (2006). Some characteristics of larceny by coercion in the Republic of Croatia and police routine. Varstvoslovje, 8(3–4), 260–267.Google Scholar
  61. Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova. (2004). Projekt reforme sustava policijskog obrazovanja [Reform of the police education system]. Zagreb.Google Scholar
  62. Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova. (2007). Ravnateljstvo policije—pregled postignuća 2004–2007 [General police directorate—Overview of achievements 2004–2007]. Zagreb.Google Scholar
  63. Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova. (2009). Strategija reforme sustava upravljanja ljudskim potencijalima Ministarstva unutarnjih poslova za razdoblje od 2009. do 2011 [Reform of the human resources management in the Ministry of the Interior 2009–2011]. Zagreb.Google Scholar
  64. Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova. (2011). Djelatnici Ministarstva unutarnjih poslova Republike Hrvatske poginuli u Domovinskom ratu [Employees of Ministry of the Interior who were killed during Homeland war]. In K. Borovec (Ed.), Hrvatska policija u Domovinskom Ratu. Zagreb: Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Croatia.Google Scholar
  65. Morić, J. (1994). The function of the police in a democratic society: Achievements of the Croatian police forces. In J. Šintić (Ed.), The functions of the police in a democratic society (pp. 127–137). Zagreb: Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Croatia.Google Scholar
  66. Naljepnicama protiv krađe bicikala. (2011, November 17). Virovitica.net. Retrieved February 12, 2012 from http://www.virovitica.net/naljepnicama-protiv-krade-bicikala/16982/.
  67. Nazor, A. (2011). Pregled stvaranja suvremene Hrvatske države i borba za njezinu cjelovitost. In K. Borovec (Ed.), Hrvatska policija u Domovinskom Ratu [Croatian police in the Homeland War]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova.Google Scholar
  68. Pavišić, B. (2005). Komentar Zakona o kaznenom postupku (5. izd.) [Comments on the Criminal Procedure Act (5th ed.)]. Rijek: Žagar.Google Scholar
  69. Pavišić, B. (2009). Zakon o kaznenom postupku [Criminal Procedure Act]. Zadar: Naklada.Google Scholar
  70. Pavliček, J. (2009). Kriminalistička i pravna pitanja kaznenopostupovne zaštite žrtava seksualnih delikata [Criminalistic and legal aspects of protection victims of sexual crime in criminal procedure] (Master’s thesis). Pravni fakultet, Zagreb.Google Scholar
  71. Pavliček, J., Ljubin Golub, T., & Dundović, D. (2009). Poslovi temeljne policije [Tasks performed by the uniformed police]. Policija i sigurnost, 18(4), 472–487.Google Scholar
  72. Pavliček, J., Ljubin Golub, T., & Kondor Langer, M. (2011). Kriminološke i kriminalističke karakteristike ubojstava i pokušaja ubojstava policijskih službenika [Criminological and criminalistic characteristics of murder and attempted murder of police officers]. Hrvatski ljetopis za kazneno pravo i praksu, 18(2), 739–753.Google Scholar
  73. Peruško, Z. (2006). Mediji [The media]. In S. Goldstein (Ed.), Indeks otvorenosti društva—Hrvatska 2006 [Open society index—Croatia 2006] (pp. 75–84). Zagreb: iDemo—Institut za demokraciju.Google Scholar
  74. Pleša-Bosnar, V., Marić, H., & Šerović, A. (2002). Mišljenja studenata i studentica Visoke policijske škole o nastavi opće i specijalne tjelesne pripreme [The college of police studies students opinion on the courses of general and special physical training]. Policija i sigurnost, 11(1–3), 62–74.Google Scholar
  75. Radetić-Paić, M., Ružić Baf, M., & Opašić, V. (2010). Percepcija učinkovitosti policije i obilježja policijskih službenika [Perception of police efficiency and of police officers characteristics]. Policija i sigurnost, 19(3), 309–325.Google Scholar
  76. Rubeša, D. J., & Zidar, D. (1998). Doživljavanje rada i pojava umora kod djelatnika temeljne policije MUP-a RH te potreba njegovog uklanjanja provedbom različitih kinezioloških programa [Tasks and fatigue in uniformed police of the Ministry of interior of the Republic of Croatia and fatigue reduction through different physical training programmes]. Policija i sigurnost, 7(1–2), 59–64.Google Scholar
  77. Rubeša, D. J., Zidar, D., Pleše-Bosnar, V., & Ribičić, G. (2003). Utjecaj profesionalnog posla na kvalitetu obiteljskog života policijskih službenika [Influence of the profession on the quality of family life of police officers]. Policija i sigurnost, 9(3–6), 160–165.Google Scholar
  78. Rubeša, D. J., Zidar, D., & Ribičić, G. (2003). Pes planus kao jedan od negativnih utjecajnih čimbenika na stabilnost lokomotornog statusa policijskih službenika [Negative influence of pes planus on the locomotor status of police officers]. Policija i sigurnost, 12(1–3), 35–42.Google Scholar
  79. Rubeša, D. J., Zidar, D., & Vukosav, J. (1999). Provjera vrijednosti jednog hipotetičkog modela kineziološkog tretmana ovlaštenih službenih osoba [Evaluation of values of a hypothetical model of kinesiologic treatment of authorised persons in the Ministry of the Interior in Croatia]. Policija i sigurnost, 8(1–2), 26–38.Google Scholar
  80. Rubeša, D. J., Zidar, D., & Vukosav, J. (2000). Utjecaj različite tjedne učestalosti trčanja na promjenu funkcionalnih sposobnosti policajaca [Influence of different weekly frequency of running on functional aptitudes of police officers]. Policija i sigurnost, 9(3–6), 160–165.Google Scholar
  81. Šakić, I., Ivičić, I., & Franc, R. (2007). Kriminal i nasilje kao društveni problem: percepcija javnosti [Crime and violence as social problems: Public perception]. In V. Kolesarić (Ed.), Psihologija i nasilje u suvremenom društvu: zbornik radova znanstveno-stručnog skupa Psihologija nasilja i zlostavljanja (pp. 103–117). Osijek: Filozofski fakultet.Google Scholar
  82. Šeparović, Z., & Turković, K. (1997). Žrtve zločina u Hrvatskoj: Međunarodni projekt istraživanja žrtava zločina [Criminal victimization in Croatia: Key findings of the 1997 international victim survey]. Hrvatski ljetopis za kazneno pravo i praksu, 4(2), 541–565.Google Scholar
  83. Simeunović-Patić, B. (2002). Experiences of the International crime victim survey in Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Yugoslavia. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 10(2–3), 117–137.Google Scholar
  84. Singer, M., Kovčo Vukadin, I., & Cajner Mraović, I. (2002). Kriminologija [Criminology] (3rd ed.). Zagreb: Nakladni zavod Globus i Edukacijsko-rehabilitacijski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.Google Scholar
  85. Šintić, J. (1994). The functions of the police in a democratic society. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova Republike Hrvatske.Google Scholar
  86. Suknaić, A. (1991). Razvoj visokoškolskog policijskog obrazovanja u Republici Hrvatskoj [Development of the police high school education]. In M. Gačić (Ed.), Zbornik radova: Dvadeset godina Više škole za unutarnje poslove (pp. 5–13). Zagreb: Fakultet kriminalističkih znanosti.Google Scholar
  87. Turković, K. (2002). Međunarodno istraživanje žrtava zločina: stope i trendovi u kretanju kriminaliteta u Republici Hrvatskoj [International crime victim survey: Crime rates and trends in the Republic of Croatia]. Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, 56(6), 1195–1232.Google Scholar
  88. Veić, P. (2001). Zakon o policiji s komentarom i stvarnim kazalom (2. izd.) [The Police Act with comments and index]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova.Google Scholar
  89. Veić, P., & Cajner Mraović, I. (2004). Police training and education: The Croatian perspective. Police Practice & Research, 5(2), 137–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Vignjević, G. (1973). Prva generacija studenata Više škole za unutrašnje poslove u Zagrebu [The first generation of students of the high school for the interior in Zagreb]. Priručnik, 2, 206–209.Google Scholar
  91. Zakon o kaznenom postupku [Criminal Procedure Act]. (2008). Narodne novine RH, (152/08).Google Scholar
  92. Zakon o policiji [Police Act]. (2011). Narodne novine RH, (34/11).Google Scholar
  93. Zakon o policijskim poslovima i ovlastima [Police Duties and Powers Act]. (2009). Narodne novine RH, (76/09).Google Scholar
  94. Zakon o sudovima za mladež [Law on juvenile courts]. (1997). Narodne novine RH, (111/97).Google Scholar
  95. Zmijarević, N. (2007). Policija u Hrvatskoj od 1941. do 2001 [The police in Croatia from 1941 to 2001]. Zagreb: Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova, Policijska akademija.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science +Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irma Kovčo Vukadin
    • 1
  • Krunoslav Borovec
    • 2
  • Tajana Ljubin Golub
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of education and rehabilitation sciencesUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Ministry of Interior, Republic of CroatiaZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.University of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations