Neighbourhood Context and Mortality: An Overview

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter gives an overview of the association between neighbourhood characteristics and individual mortality as reported in 40 multilevel studies adjusting for individual socioeconomic status. It demonstrates that both the general socioeconomic status of neighbourhoods and more specific social and physical neighbourhood features are associated with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Results from a meta-analysis show that the relative risk of all-cause mortality among inhabitants in deprived neighbourhoods is 1.07 (1.04–1.10) compared to those living in affluent neighbourhoods. Finally the chapter suggests that neighbourhoods are connected to mortality through four distinct pathways: health policy and health resources, health behaviour, neighbourhood perception and physical quality.

Keywords

Obesity Depression Income Smoke Meijer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Public HealthUniversity of Southern DenmarkKøbenhavn KDenmark

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