Cardiovascular Complaints in Adolescence: Clinical Considerations

  • Melissa Horn
  • Jessica Ford
  • David Fairbrother
  • Samuel F. Sears
Chapter

Abstract

Adolescents with cardiovascular disease face existential uncertainty, physical limitations, psychosocial and familial distress, and, sometimes, neurological and cognitive impairment during a time when most adolescents are developing autonomy. For the adolescent with cardiovascular disease, the aforementioned factors may present barriers to optimal quality of life (QoL) and transition to adulthood. This chapter will present information regarding the etiology, physical presentation, treatment, QoL, psychosocial difficulties, familial concerns, and neurocognitive sequelae found in adolescents with congenital heart defects, electrophysiological disorders, and cardiomyopathy. The chapter will close with discussion of measures that can be used in the psychosocial assessment of teens with cardiac conditions, as well as forms of intervention that may aide adjustment and development.

Keywords

Fatigue Catheter Depression Cortisol Stratification 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa Horn
    • 1
  • Jessica Ford
    • 2
  • David Fairbrother
    • 3
  • Samuel F. Sears
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Veterans AffairsAthensUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric CardiologyEast Carolina University, East Carolina Heart InstituteGreenvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA
  5. 5.Department of Cardiovascular SciencesEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

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