Continuity of Behavior and Parenting from Childhood Through Adolescence

  • Carol R. Freedman-Doan
  • Amanda G. Ellis


This chapter presents data from a longitudinal study spanning 9 years of data collection looking at how early childhood characteristics and parenting practices, as well as the parent–adolescent relationship and parenting practices during adolescence, impact adolescents’ behaviors. We specifically looked at both externalizing (community and school problem behaviors and alcohol use) and internalizing behaviors (depression, anxiety, and self-esteem problems) of the adolescents and looked at the relationships separately for boys and girls and mothers and fathers. We found some continuity of behavior from childhood to adolescence, especially for boys, and that parental conflict and worry when the child is in elementary school is related to adolescent outcomes. Further, parental monitoring of the adolescents’ behaviors, as well as actual knowledge about those behaviors, interacted with the parent–adolescent relationship in predicting adolescent outcomes. From this work, we highlight what pediatricians might say to parents who are struggling with their adolescents. We advocate for an integrative primary care framework that utilizes a screening instrument to detect problem behaviors early and encourage primary care providers to share their impressions of parents’ interactions with their children.


Parenting Behavior Parenting Practice Parental Monitoring Parental Knowledge Parental Warmth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyEastern Michigan UniversityYpsilantiUSA

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