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Innate Lymphoid Cells in Immunity and Disease

  • You Yi Hwang
  • Andrew N. J. McKenzieEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 785)

Abstract

The family of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) comprises of natural killer (NK) cells, Rorγt-dependent ILCs (lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells, ILC22, and ILC17), and type 2 ILCs. Apart from a common requirement for inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2) expression and common γ-chain (γc) signaling, the differentiation of ILC populations is regulated by distinct transcription factors. ILCs play fundamental roles in processes such as cytotoxicity, lymphoid organogenesis, intestinal homeostasis, immunity against infections, and wound healing. However, the dysregulation of ILCs has been implicated in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Here, we will review the recent advances in ILC development and their roles in immunity and disease, with a primary focus on type 2 ILCs.

Keywords

Type 2 Innate lymphoid cells ILC Id2 Rorγt Rorα LTi ILC22 ILC17 Nuocyte NHC Ih2 Immunity Disease Anti-helminth Inflammatory bowel disease IBD Fibrosis Allergy Airway hyperreactivity AHR 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular BiologyCambridgeUK

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