Congenital Heart Defects That Include Cardiac Valve Abnormalities

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter introduces the reader to the spectrum of congenital heart malformations that are associated with abnormalities of the cardiac valves. The author’s intent is to describe the basic structural anatomy of the cardiac valves, the pathologic features and clinical manifestations of common abnormalities that affect them, the indications and timing of surgical intervention, and the surgical techniques used for repair.

This chapter begins with a brief review of the embryology of the heart with emphasis on the development of the cardiac valves. The remainder of the chapter discusses congenital, rather than acquired, atrioventricular and semilunar valve abnormalities. The chapter ends with a brief description of congenital cardiac malformations where cardiac valve pathology is secondary to the underlying abnormality (i.e., Tetralogy of Fallot).

Keywords

Catheter Prostaglandin Polypropylene Digoxin Crest 

Abbreviations

ASD

Atrial septal defect

CAVC

Complete atrioventricular canal

LV

Left ventricular

PAIVS

Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum

PGE

Prostaglandin E1

VSD

Ventricular septal defect

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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