Congenital Heart Defects That Include Cardiac Valve Abnormalities

  • Roosevelt BryantIII


This chapter introduces the reader to the spectrum of congenital heart malformations that are associated with abnormalities of the cardiac valves. The author’s intent is to describe the basic structural anatomy of the cardiac valves, the pathologic features and clinical manifestations of common abnormalities that affect them, the indications and timing of surgical intervention, and the surgical techniques used for repair.

This chapter begins with a brief review of the embryology of the heart with emphasis on the development of the cardiac valves. The remainder of the chapter discusses congenital, rather than acquired, atrioventricular and semilunar valve abnormalities. The chapter ends with a brief description of congenital cardiac malformations where cardiac valve pathology is secondary to the underlying abnormality (i.e., Tetralogy of Fallot).


Aortic Valve Mitral Valve Papillary Muscle Tricuspid Valve Ventricular Septal Defect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Atrial septal defect


Complete atrioventricular canal


Left ventricular


Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum


Prostaglandin E1


Ventricular septal defect


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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