Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding

  • Tricia Hauschild
  • Daniel Vargo


The lower gastrointestinal tract consists of all gastrointestinal elements distal to the ligament of Treitz, including the jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix, colon, rectum, and anus. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding can originate from any of these locations and thus represents a broad range of clinical entities. Most studies of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage specifically reference lesions of the colon, rectum, and anus, and the majority of studies cited herein adhere to this convention.


Fecal Occult Blood Testing Diverticular Disease Anal Fissure Ischemic Colitis Flexible Sigmoidoscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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