National Intellectual Capital Development of the Six BRICKS Countries

  • Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
  • Leif Edvinsson
  • Jeffrey Chen
  • Tord Beding
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS, volume 18)


In this chapter, we first present the development of national intellectual capital in the six BRICKS countries over the 6 years and then graphically display the relationship between each individual capital with GDP per capita (ppp). Afterwards, we describe the relative position of long-term and short-term intellectual capital in these six countries and explain the dynamics of NIC for three time periods (2005–2006, 2007–2008, and 2009–2010). Finally, we illustrate the NIC trajectory of these six countries on three-dimensional (3D) 48-country landscapes.


National Intellectual Capital BRICK Countries Capital Renewal Capitalist Process Capital Score 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
    • 1
  • Leif Edvinsson
    • 2
  • Jeffrey Chen
    • 3
  • Tord Beding
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiChina
  2. 2.Universal Networking Intellectual CapitalNorrtäljeSweden
  3. 3.AccentureChicagoUSA
  4. 4.TC-Growth ABGothenburgSweden

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