Perspectives on Apology in Latin America

  • Amanda Clinton
  • Jose Anazagsty
  • Marian Lewin
  • Sherri McCarthy
  • Michael Stevens
  • Rodrigo Barahona
  • Eddy Carillo
  • Ricardo Angelino
  • Eros DeSouza
  • Luciana Karine de Souza
Chapter
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS, volume 7)

Abstract

An apology, which is defined as a formal admission of error accompanied by regret (www.merriam-webster.com), has become a commonly utilized political strategy for addressing issues from blatant errors to social injustice perpetrated by leaders. This chapter reviews the use of apology in the Latin American political context. First, historical examples from throughout the region are explained and analyzed. Next, data obtained from the Personal and Institutional Rights to Aggression and Peace Survey (PAIRTAPS; Malley-Morrison et al., 2003) are reported. Results indicated that, in general, Latin Americans agree that apology is an important tool for reconciliation subsequent to conflict or injustice, although they vary regarding the context and degree to which it should be applied.

Keywords

Argentina Lost Syphilis Peru Colombia 

References

  1. América Economía. (2012, Abril 4). Rafael Correa pide disculpas a maestros por “explotación que sufrieron”. Retrieved April 10, 2012, from América Economía: http://www.americaeconomia.com/politica-sociedad/politica/rafael-correa-pide-disculpas-maestros-por-explotacion-que-sufrieron
  2. Anazagasty, J. (2012). Las Carpetas y la Era de la Disculpa. Retrieved April 17, 2012, from 80 Grados: http://www.80grados.net/2012/04/las-carpetas-y-la-era-de-la-disculpa-consideraciones-iniciales/
  3. Anderson, J. (2006). Well-suited partners: Psychoanalytic research and grounded theory. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 32, 329–348.Google Scholar
  4. Ayala Ramírez, C. (2012). El Mozote: Verdad, Justicia y Reparación. Retrieved April 10, 2012, from América Latina en Movimiento: http://alainet.org/active/52162
  5. Bolívar, A. (2011). La ocupación mediática del diálogo político. Discurso & Sociedad, 5(1), 41–70.Google Scholar
  6. Celermajer, D. (2008). Apology and the possibility of ethical politics. Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory, 9(1), 14–34.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, I. G., & Adashi, E. Y. (2012). In the wake of Guatemala. American Journal of Public Health, 102(2).Google Scholar
  8. Coicaud, J., & Jönsson, J. (2008). Elements of a road map for a politics of apology. In R. H.-H. M. Gibney, J. Coicaud, & N. Steiner (Eds.), The age of apology (pp. 77–93). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  9. El Día. (2012, Abril 6). Evo Pidió Disculpas por sus Coplas. Retrieved April 10, 2012, from El Día: http://eldia.com.bo/index.php?c=&articulo=Evo-pidio--disculpas-por-sus-coplas&cat=148&pla=3&id_articulo=88690
  10. Fette, J. (2008). Apology in the past in contemporary France. French Political Culture, 26(2).Google Scholar
  11. Haward-Hassman, R. E., & Gibney, M. (2008). Introduction. In M. Gibney, R. Haward-Hassman, J. Coicaud, & N. Steiner (Eds.), The age of apology (pp. 1–9). Philaddelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  12. Hook, G.R. (2008a). The road to reconciliation begins with an apology. MAI Review. Issue 2, Article 3. (13 pages). http://www.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/view/139/152.
  13. Hook, G.R. (2008b). The political apology as a millennial phenomenon. MAI Review.Issue 2, Article 2. (13 pages). http://www.review.mai.ac.nz/index.php/MR/article/view/138/140.
  14. Malik, K. (2007, Agosto 22). kenanmalik.com. Retrieved Marzo 28, 2012, from I’m sorry, I need to apologize: http://www.kenanmalik.com/essays/bergens_apology.html
  15. Malley-Morrison, K., Daskalopoulos, M., Gefter, J., Wenger, J., Hashim, K., & Seichepine, D., et al. (2006). International perspectives on war and peace. Peace Psychology, 15(1), 6–7.Google Scholar
  16. Mills, N. (2001). The new culture of apology. Dissent, 48(4).Google Scholar
  17. Mookerjhee, N. (2009). The ethics of apology. Critique of Anthropology, 29(3), 345–366 (Ed.).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Parodi, C. A. (2008). State apologies under U.S. hegemony. In M. Gibney, R. Haward-Hassman, J. Coicaud, & N. Steiner (Eds.), The age of apology (pp. 171–186). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  19. Political Apologies and Reparations Website. Political Apologies and Reparations Website. Retrieved Marzo 28, 2012, from http://political-apologies.wlu.ca/index.php
  20. Tavuchis, N. (1991). Mea culpa. Standford: Standford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda Clinton
    • 1
  • Jose Anazagsty
    • 1
  • Marian Lewin
    • 2
  • Sherri McCarthy
    • 3
  • Michael Stevens
    • 4
  • Rodrigo Barahona
    • 5
  • Eddy Carillo
    • 6
  • Ricardo Angelino
    • 7
  • Eros DeSouza
    • 8
  • Luciana Karine de Souza
    • 9
  1. 1.University of Puerto RicoMayagüez, Puerto RicoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Educational Psychology,Counseling and Human Relations,Northern Arizona UniversityYumaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyIllinois State UniversityNormalUSA
  5. 5.CounselorBrooklineUSA
  6. 6.Universidad Independiente & Director of the Center for Psychoanalytic Studies of the Association for Socio-Critical PsychoanalysisSan JoseCosta Rica
  7. 7.School of Medical Sciences,National University of La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  8. 8.Department of PsychologyIllinois State UniversityNormalUSA
  9. 9.Department of PsychologyFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

Personalised recommendations