Refuse-Derived Fuel

  • Alfons Buekens
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Rather than firing waste as it comes, one can convert it into storable fuel, following a suitable sequence of operations, composed of primary and secondary shredding, grading, wind sifting and screening, magnetic and eddy-current separation, etc. Suitable combinations of such operations may convert municipal solid waste, packaging, wood, paper and plastics, etc., into better manageable and storable refuse-derived fuel (RDF)with more predictable characteristics and specifications, such as HHV, and proximate and ultimate analysis. RDF assumes different forms, such as fluff, powdered (after adding embrittling agents), or densified, i.e., in bales, pellets. Already in the 1970s, the National Centre for Resource Recovery (Washington) tried to standardize RDF, to improve its acceptance and access to the energy markets [9, 142].


Municipal Solid Waste Thermal Power Plant Cement Kiln Hazardous Waste Incinerator Mechanical Biological Treatment 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfons Buekens
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Vrije Universiteit Brussel, VUBBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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