The Malta Convention and Contemporary Polish Archaeology
The last decades of the twentieth century saw the introduction of environmental impact assessments that demanded by the national law for all, or at least larger scale, developments, in the spirit of the holistic vision of human environment. In many countries it also became gradually understood that there was a requirement to cover the costs of necessary archaeological prospection and mitigation activities from the total budget of the development. This rule, explicitly included in the Lausanne Charter of 1990 (ICOMOS 1990) and in the Malta Convention of 1992 (EAA 2000), followed by the adequate EU directives, has radically changed the character of archaeology in many countries.
KeywordsEnvironmental Impact Assessment Archaeological Excavation Soviet Bloc Archaeological Heritage Archaeological Community
- EAA. (2000). Archaeology and urban development. Accessed July 14, 2012, from http://www.e-a-a.org/tea/2000/.
- ICOMOS. (1990). Charter for the protection and management of the archaeological heritage (1990). Prepared by the International Committee for the Management of Archaeological Heritage (ICAHM) and approved by the 9th General Assembly in Lausanne in 1990. Accessed July 14, 2012, from http://www.international.icomos.org/charters/arch_e.pdf.