Laser Cooling

  • J. T. Mendonça
  • Hugo Terças
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 70)


In this introductory chapter, we first consider the interaction of a two-level atom with a monochromatic laser field, by reviewing the emission and absorption radiation processes, as described by the semi-classical optical Bloch equations. We then discuss the basic principles of laser cooling, using both the momentum and the energy pictures. A simple expression for the laser cooling force is derived and the concept of Doppler temperature limit, characterizing the laser cooling process, is introduced. This is followed by a discussion of magnetic traps, with particular emphasis on the Helmholtz and Ioffe configurations, and a description of the magneto-optical trap.


Evaporative Cool Magnetic Trap Laser Cool Density Matrix Element Sympathetic Cool 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. T. Mendonça
    • 1
  • Hugo Terças
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto Superior TecnicoLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Université Blaise PascalAubière CedexFrance

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