• J. T. Mendonça
  • Hugo Terças
Part of the Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics book series (SSAOPP, volume 70)


In this book we have covered a wide range of phenomena in ultra-cold matter, and reviewed many of the peculiar problems associated with its three distinct phases, atomic clouds, condensates and plasmas. This allowed us to reveal a number of unexpected similarities between these three phases, associated with the equilibrium configurations, the expansion processes, the elementary excitations and the collective oscillations. Such similarities are due, in particular to the existence of a mean field, which has different physical meanings in each of the phases, but accounts for similar physical phenomena.


Elementary Excitation Atomic Cloud Gaseous Liquid Phase Transition Roton Minimum Peculiar Problem 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. T. Mendonça
    • 1
  • Hugo Terças
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto Superior TecnicoLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Université Blaise PascalAubière CedexFrance

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