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On October 23, 1962 President John F. Kennedy into law the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1962 50 years have now passed since that act created the federal mandate for urban transportation planning in the USA. The act was the capstone of two decades of experimentation and development of urban transportation procedures and institutions. It was passed at a time in which urban areas were beginning to plan the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highway routes through and around their areas. The 1962 Act, combined with the incentive of 90 % federal funding for Interstate highway projects, caused urban transportation planning to spread quickly throughout the USA. It also had a significant influence on urban transportation planning in other parts of the world.