A Research and Development Framework for Sustainable Development in the GCC Countries
The GCC countries are confronted with severe challenges to put in place conditions that are conducive to Sustainable development. As discussed in this chapter, areas such as energy, water, land use, and biodiversity require massive change. Multiple players need to become engaged in finding new ways forward that can turn the outstanding challenges into a source of opportunities. Research and innovation linked to pathbreaking popular movement efforts stand to make a major difference.
KeywordsSustainable Development Middle East Carbon Footprint Smart City Triple Bottom Line
Previous contributions to the Interim-GCC project that were taken on board as building blocks for parts of Sects. 12.2, 12.3 and 12.5 were provided by Costas Kiparissides, Department of Chemical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Thessaloniki, Greece. Qammar Abbas, IKED, provided valuable assistance in collecting data.