Neurophysiology is a critical and exciting topic to study and understand in great detail for those working in any field associated with neuroengineering—basic or applied research, device design and development, and/or neurology or neurosurgical clinical subspecialties. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a general introduction to neurophysiology with more detailed information on several selected topics and to offer a high level overview of the workings of the human central nervous system (CNS). One can explore other sources to find in-depth discussions related to many of the topics introduced in this chapter, as well as learn the specifics of state-of-the-art neuroengineering concepts related to each topic.
KeywordsSpinal Cord Hair Cell Motor Cortex Reticular Formation Muscle Spindle
I would like to acknowledge Christopher Rolfes, Stephen Howard, Ryan Goff, Julianne Eggum, Alex Ryan, Jerrald Spencer Jr., and Kiley Schmidt for creating the figures for this chapter, as well as Monica Mahre for her assistance with formatting and grammatical editing.
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