Advertisement

Human Trafficking in Asia

Chapter

Abstract

Human trafficking is on the increase in Asian countries. Women and children are the most vulnerable to become the victims of trafficking. They are trafficked for the purpose of commercial sex, domestic work, and construction work. Children are also in demand for factory or farm work or in the entertainment sector. Trafficking amounts to a gross violation of human rights. Victims suffer physical and mental abuse and social stigmatization. Traffickers target families who are socioeconomically poor. This chapter explains the current trends of trafficking in Asia, various types of trafficking in Asia, source and destination countries of trafficking, the role of prosecution and prevention agencies, and various steps taken to protect the victims of trafficking in Asian Countries with available statistics.

Keywords

Sexual Exploitation Human Trafficking Trafficking Victim Life Imprisonment Trafficking Case 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Archavanitkul, K. (1998). Trafficking in Children for Labour Exploitation including Child Prostitution in the Mekong Sub region. Myanmar: Mahidol University Institute for Population and Social Research, Anti-Trafficking Unit, Ministry of Home Affairs.Google Scholar
  2. Calvez, V. (1998, July 7).Filipina dancers keep swinging despite yen. Reuters.Google Scholar
  3. Cambodian Ministry of Social Affairs (CMS). (2009). Veterans and youth rehabilitation. Cambodia: CMS.Google Scholar
  4. China, International Labour Organization. (2009). The Project to Prevent Trafficking in Girls and Young Women for Labour Exploitation in China (2006-2008). China: ILO.Google Scholar
  5. China, Ministry of Public Security. (2009a). Joint report, National Review Workshop on the implementation of the National Plan of Action against trafficking crimes in women and children. Beijing: Ministry of Public Security.Google Scholar
  6. China, Ministry of Public Security. (2009b, May). Press release issued at Antitrafficking Campaign Press Conferences and during TV/online interviews. Ministry of Public Security, China.Google Scholar
  7. Coalition against Trafficking of Women (CATW-Asia Pacific). (1998). Fact Book on Global Sexual Exploitation. Newsletter 1, Winter.Google Scholar
  8. Coomaraswamy, R. (1997). UN special report on violence against women. New York:UN.Google Scholar
  9. Ganjanakhundee, S. (1998, September 23). Migrant ­workers booming as Asian economy declines. Kyodo News.Google Scholar
  10. Gazi, R., et al. (2001). Trafficking of women and children in Bangladesh. Dhaka: ICDDRB, and Center for Health and Population Research.Google Scholar
  11. Iijima, M. (1998, June 19). S. Asia urged to unite against child prostitution. Reuters.Google Scholar
  12. Lao Department of Social Welfare. (2009).Case Report. Lao: Anti-Trafficking Division, Lao PDR.Google Scholar
  13. Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, (2010). Bureau of Anti-Trafficking. Thailand: Department of Social Development and Welfare in Women and Children. Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, Thailand.Google Scholar
  14. Myanmar Central Body for Suppression of Trafficking in Persons. (2010). 2009 Annual Progress Report (APR) on the Myanmar 5 year National Plan of Action to Combating Human Trafficking, Myanmar: CBSTP.Google Scholar
  15. Myanmar Anti-Trafficking Unit. (2010). Myanmar: Ministry of Home Affairs.Google Scholar
  16. National Human Rights Commission. (2005). Volume I. New Delhi: Institute of Social Sciences.Google Scholar
  17. Nepal Office of the National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Women and Children. (2008). Trafficking in persons especially on women and children in Nepal, National Report (NNR) 2006-2007. Nepal: Office of the National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Women and Children (ONRT).Google Scholar
  18. Squire, J., and Wijeratne, S. (2008). Sri Lanka research report. Terre de homes, Foundation Lausanne (Tdh) and South Asian Partnership Sri Lanka (SAPSRI).Google Scholar
  19. Times of India. (2003, October 13). When victims become accused.Google Scholar
  20. The National Working Committee (2004) on Children and Women. State Council. Country Paper against Trafficking in Women and Children. China: NWC.Google Scholar
  21. UNIAP. (2007). Human trafficking in Thailand: Data collation and integration of selected human trafficking information, United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking. Bangkok: UNIAP.Google Scholar
  22. US State Department. (2006). Human Rights Report. Washington. D.C: United States Department of State.Google Scholar
  23. Wadhwa, S. (1998). For sale childhood. Outlook.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CriminologyUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.School of Criminology and Criminal JusticeTamil Nadu Open UniversityChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations