Mining Archaeology in the Nasca and Palpa Region, South Coast of Peru

  • Markus Reindel
  • Thomas R. Stöllner
  • Benedikt Gräfingholt
Chapter
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)

Abstract

While research about mining archaeology in the Andes has focused mainly on the north coast of Peru, the south coast has been widely neglected despite some pioneering studies which pointed to the importance of the region. In the interdisciplinary Nasca–Palpa project we documented mining activities in the vicinity of prehispanic settlements. We identified mines and quarries, as well as working places with stone tools. Mineral samples were tested in the laboratory. The preliminary results demonstrate the importance of the region for the production of gold, copper, semi-precious stones and obsidian especially in the Paracas, Nasca, and Late Intermediate periods.

Keywords

Sulfide Income Cretaceous Jurassic Charcoal 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Funding for this research has been provided by the Federal German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) and the German Research Foundation (DFG). The mining surveys took place in March and April 2009 and were accompanied by the authors and Dr. Ch. Dekant (Munich), P. Segura (Palpa) and Prof. Dr. G.A. Wagner (Heidelberg). Thanks to Johny Isla Cuadrado the ceramic finds were dated according to the detailed chronology of the Palpa-project; additional thanks to Annette Hornschuch and Stefanie Menic for their assistance in preparing the maps. Thanks to the laboratory of the DBM, especially Dr. Michael Bode, Dipl. Min. Dirk Kirchner, and Dr. Michael Prange as well as PD Dr. Sabine Klein at the University of Frankfurt and the Laboratories of the CEZ Mannheim (Prof. Dr. E. Pernicka, Dr. J. Lutz).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Markus Reindel
    • 1
  • Thomas R. Stöllner
    • 2
    • 3
  • Benedikt Gräfingholt
    • 4
  1. 1.German Archaeological Institute, Commission for Archaeology of Non-European CulturesBonnGermany
  2. 2.Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum, Forschungsstelle Archäologie und Materialwissenschaften, Fachbereich MontanarchäologieBochumGermany
  3. 3.Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften, Lehrstuhl Ur- und FrühgeschichteBochumGermany
  4. 4.Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften, Fach Ur- und FrühgeschichteBochumGermany

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