Superconducting Metals

  • Minoru Fujimoto
Chapter

Abstract

The superconducting state of a metal is characterized not only by near-zero electrical resistance but also by perfect diamagnetism of a charged liquid, which was felt somewhat unusual on discovery, because of the unknown charge carriers. Presumably, it is a common occurrence in metallic crystals at low temperatures, exhibiting electromagnetic properties of charge carriers in superconducting states. It is now known to be related to a phase transition from normal to superconducting states characterized by the critical temperatures \( {{T}_{\rm{c}}} \). In this chapter, superconductivity and early theories are reviewed, prior to discussing the theory by Bardeen, Cooper, and Schieffer in Chap. 14. These theories were able to identify the charge carrier, wherefrom we realize the significant role played by the lattice for superconducting transitions.

Keywords

Vortex Mercury Platinum Coherence Gallium 

References

  1. 1.
    C.G. Kuper, An Introduction to the Theory of Superconductivity (Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 1968)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 6th edn. (Wiley, New York, 1986)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minoru Fujimoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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