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Toward a Quantitative Unifying Theory of Natural Design of Flow Systems: Emergence and Evolution

  • A. F. MiguelEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Abstract

The idea of beauty and quality of design of the natural systems found a broad consensus in the natural philosophers [1]. This is because living systems are wonderfully adaptable and can survive in a complex natural environment. Attempts to imitate living systems have been made since ancient times. The identification of animals as streamlined bodies with applications to manufactured devices for drag comes from Renaissance period [2, 3]. Leonardo da Vinci recognized the importance of the relationship between design and function. He noticed that a fish could move through water with little resistance because its streamlined shape allowed the water to flow smoothly over the afterbody without prematurely separating [4]. Da Vinci’s flying machines powered by man were drawn in the 1490s based on the observation of birds [2] (Fig. 2.1).

Keywords

Entropy Generation Rate Stony Coral Natural Design Sheltered Site Minimum Travel Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics & Geophysics Center of ÉvoraUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal

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