Managing the Supply Chain Through Cooperatives and Contract Integration

Chapter
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 38)

Abstract

Since the enactment of the Capper–Volstead Act in 1914, marketing cooperatives have been policy dependent. As contract agriculture has become more prevalent, cooperatives have been forced to adopt a supply chain management mode in order to be competitive. Increased demands for equity capital have forced cooperatives to seek means of attracting investor capital. State governments have responded by creating the legal basis for the formation of new generation cooperatives. These new institutional structures are controversial in the eyes of those who believe cooperatives should adhere to their traditional cooperatives principals. During this period of adjustment in the structure of agriculture, USDA and the federal government have failed in supporting bargaining cooperatives, despite increased contract integration. States have stepped in to provide more research and technical assistance support to cooperatives in the face of declining USDA and federal support. Policies supporting cooperatives are based on the ability of cooperatives to enhance allocative and dynamic efficiency, while providing nonmarket social justice benefits to farmers and consumers.

Keywords

Corn Depression Income Marketing Assure 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural and Applied EconomicsUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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