The Growth of Occupational Health Psychology

  • Heather Graham
  • Krista J. Howard
  • Angela Liegey Dougall
Part of the Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability book series (SHHDW)


Since its origins in the early twentieth century, occupational health psychology has transformed into an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary fields focused on promoting healthy workers and healthy organizations. Through this period of growth, many theories were developed that have guided much of the research in identifying environmental and psychosocial risk factors for negative health outcomes in the workplace. A central focus has been placed on stress and its adverse effects on outcomes, such as productivity, job satisfaction, and employee health. Additionally, stress management interventions have become the mainstay for successful preventative occupational health programs. National organizations have also emerged to help support researchers in the development and implementation of workplace interventions. Overall, the field has made great strides and is primed for further investigation into such topics as the bidirectional relationships between organizational health and employee health, the reciprocal influence of other life roles on work stress, and the broader dissemination of practices that have demonstrated effectiveness in occupational health settings.


Occupational Health Procedural Justice Occupational Injury Decision Latitude Interactional Justice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Adams, J. S. (1965). Inequity in social exchange. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 267–299). New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, T. D., Freeman, D. M., Russell, J. E. A., Reizenstein, R. C., & Rentz, J. O. (2001). Survivor reactions to organizational downsizing: Does time ease the pain? Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 74, 145–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. American Institute of Stress. (n.d.). Job stress. Retrieved October 10, 2007 from
  4. American Psychological Association (1996). Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. Washington DC: APA.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. American Psychological Association. (2010). Stress in America findings. Retrieved from the American Psychological Association website.
  6. Anshel, J. (2006). Visual ergonomics in the workplace: Improving eyecare and vision can enhance productivity. Professional Safety, 51(8), 20–25.Google Scholar
  7. Antunes, L. C., Levandovski, R., Dantas, G., Caumo, W., & Hidalgo, M. P. (2010). Obesity and shift work: Chronobiological aspects. Nutrition Research Reviews, 23, 155–168.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191–215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bandura, A. (1982). The self mechanisms of agency. In J. Suls (Ed.), Social psychological perspectives on the self (pp. 3–39). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  10. Barling, J., & Griffiths, A. (2010). A history of occupational health psychology. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (2nd ed., pp. 21–34). Washington, DC: APA Books.Google Scholar
  11. Baum, A. (1990). Stress, intrusive imagery, and chronic distress. Health Psychology, 9(6), 653–675.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bies, R. J., & Moag, J. F. (1986). Interactional justice: Communication criteria of fairness. In R. J. Lewicki, B. H. Sheppard, & M. H. Bazerman (Eds.), Research on negotiations in organizations (Vol. 1, pp. 43–55). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  13. Boocock, M. G., McNair, P. J., Larmer, P. J., Armstrong, B., Collier, J., Simmonds, M., et al. (2007). Interventions for the prevention and management of neck/upper extremity musculoskeletal conditions: A systematic review. Occupational Environmental Medicine, 64, 291–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bortkiewicz, A., Gadzicka, E., Szymczak, W., Szyjkowska, A., Koszada-Wlodarczyk, W., & Makowiec-Dabrowska, T. (2006). Physiological reaction to work in cold microclimate. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 19(2), 123–131.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Brislin, R. W. (2008). Working with cultural differences: Dealing effectively with diversity in the workplace. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. Bureau of Labor and Statistics. (2010). Workplace injuries and illnesses report. Publication no.
  17. Cable, D., & Judge, T. (1994). Pay preferences and job search decisions: A person–organization fit perspective. Personnel Psychology, 47, 317–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2002). Injuries and illnesses among New York City Fire Department rescue workers after responding to the World Trade Center attacks. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 51, 1–5.Google Scholar
  19. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2006). Health hazard evaluation of police officers and firefighters after Hurricane Katrina—New Orleans, Louisiana, October 27–28 and November 30–December 5, 2005. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 55, 456–458.Google Scholar
  20. Chaffin, D. B. (2009). The evolving role of biomechanics in prevention of overexertion injuries. Ergonomics, 52(1), 3–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Colquitt, J. A., Conlon, D. E., Wesson, M. J., Porter, C. O., & Ng, K. Y. (2001). Justice at the millennium: A meta-analytic review of 25 years of organizational research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(3), 425–445.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Connell, P., Lee, V. B., & Spector, P. E. (2004). Job stress assessment methods. In J. C. Thomas (Vol. Ed.) and M. Hersen (Ed.), Comprehensive handbook of psychological assessment: Industrial and organizational assessment (Vol. 4, pp. 455–469). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
  23. Cooper, C. L., & Marshall, J. (1976). Occupational sources of stress: A review of the literature relating to coronary heart disease and mental ill health. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 49(1), 11–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Costa, G. (1996). The impact of shift and night work on health. Applied Ergonomics, 27(1), 9–16.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cox, T. (1978). Stress. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  26. Cua, K. O., McKone, K. E., & Schroeder, R. G. (2001). Relationships between implementation of TQM, JIT, and TPM and manufacturing performance. Journal of Operations Management, 19(6), 675–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Davy, J. A., Kinicki, A. J., & Scheck, C. L. (1991). Developing and testing a model of survivor responses to layoffs. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 38, 302–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Dawis, R. (1992). Person–environment fit and job satisfaction. In C. Cranny, P. Smith, & E. Stone (Eds.), Job satisfaction: How people feel about their jobs and how it affects their performance (pp. 69–88). New York, NY: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  29. Dewa, C. S., Thompson, A. H., & Jacobs, P. (2011). Relationships between job stress and worker perceived responsibilities and job characteristics. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Medicine, 2(1), 37–46.Google Scholar
  30. Dougall, A. L., & Baum, A. (2012). Stress, health, and illness. In A. Baum, T. A. Revenson, & J. E. Singer (Eds.), Handbook of health psychology (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis. (pp. 53–78)Google Scholar
  31. Edwards, J. (1991). Person–job fit: A conceptual integration, literature review, and methodological critique. In N. C. Cooper & I. Robertson (Eds.), International review of industrial/organizational psychology (Vol. 6, pp. 282–327). London: Wiley.Google Scholar
  32. Edwards, J., & Billsberry, J. (2010). Testing a multidimensional theory of person–environment fit. Journal of Managerial Issues, 22(4), 476–493.Google Scholar
  33. Edwards, J. R., & Cooper, C. L. (1990). The person–environment fit approach to stress: Recurring problems and some suggested solutions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 11(4), 293–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Elkin, A. J., & Rosch, P. J. (1990). Promoting mental health at the workplace: The prevention side of stress management. Occupational Medicine, 5(4), 739–754.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Engels, F. (1845/1987). The condition of the working class in England. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  36. Evans, G. W., & Johnson, D. (2000). Stress and open-office noise. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 779–783.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Everson-Rose, S. A., & Lewis, T. T. (2004). Psychosocial factors and cardiovascular diseases. Annual Review of Public Health, 26, 469–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Folkard, S. (1990). Circadian performance rhythms: Some practical and theoretical implications. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences, 327, 543–553.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. French, J. R. P., Caplan, R. D., & Van Harrison, R. (1982). The mechanisms of job stress and strain. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  40. Gatchel, R. J., & Schultz, I. Z. (2012). Handbook of occupational health and wellness. New York: Springer Science.Google Scholar
  41. Galanakis, M., Stalikas, A., Kallia, H., Karagianni, C., & Karela, C. (2009). Gender differences in experiencing occupational stress: The role of age, education and marital status. Stress and Health, 25, 397–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ganster, D. C. (1989). Worker control and well-being: A review of research in the workplace. In S. L. Sauter, J. J. Hurrell, & C. L. Cooper (Eds.), Job control and worker health (pp. 3–24). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  43. Gardell, B. (1971). Alienation and mental health in the modern industrial environment. In L. Levi (Ed.), Society, stress and disease (Vol. 1, pp. 148–180). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Gardell, B. (1977). Autonomy and participation at work. Human Relations, 30, 515–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Graham, H.E., Lopez, N., & Dougall, A. (2008). Organizational justice and stress: An investigation of the justice salience hierarchy using the four-factor model. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas.Google Scholar
  46. Greenberg, J. (1993). The social side of fairness: Interpersonal and informational classes of organizational justice. In R. Cropanzano (Ed.), Justice in the workplace: Approaching fairness in human resource management (pp. 79–103). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  47. Greenberg, J. (2004). Stress fairness to fare no stress: Managing workplace stress by promoting organizational justice. Organizational Dynamics, 33, 352–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Greenberg, J. (2010). Organizational injustice as a health risk. Academy of Management, 4, 205–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Hemingway, H., & Marmot, M. (1999). Psychosocial factors in the etiology and prognosis of coronary heart disease: Systematic review of prospective cohort studies. British Medical Journal, 318, 1460–1467.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Herzberg, F. (1966). Work and the nature of man. Cleveland: World Publishing Co.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Higgins, C., & Sekiguchi, T. (2006). To influence or adjust: A dynamic model of person–group fit. In C. Schriesheim & L. Neider (Eds.), Power and influence in organizations: New empirical and theoretical perspectives (pp. 129–154). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
  52. Hofmann, D. A., & Tetrick, L. E. (2003). Health and safety in organizations: A multilevel perspective. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  53. Holland, J. L. (1959). A theory of vocational choice. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 6(1), 35–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Howie, R. M. (2008). Personal protective equipment. In K. Gardiner & J. M. Harrington (Eds.), Occupational hygiene (3rd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. doi: 10.1002/9780470755075.ch31.Google Scholar
  55. Innstrand, S. T., Langballe, E. M., Espnes, G. A., Falkum, E., & Aasland, O. G. (2008). Positive and negative work–family interaction and burnout: A longitudinal study of reciprocal relations. Work & Stress, 22(1), 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Jackson, S. E., Zedeck, S., & Summers, E. (1985). Family life disruptions: Effects of job-induced structural and emotional interference. Academy of Management Journal, 28, 574–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Jacobson, B. H., Aldana, S. G., Goetzel, R. Z., & Vardell, K. D. (1996). The relationship of perceived stress and self-reported illness-related absenteeism. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11, 54–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Janssen, O. (2004). How fairness perceptions make innovative behavior more or less stressful. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(2), 201–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Juslen, H. T., Wouters, M. C., & Tenner, A. D. (2007). Lighting level and productivity: A field study in the electronics industry. Ergonomics, 50(4), 615–624.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kahn, R. L. (1970). Some propositions toward a reachable conceptialization of stress. In J. E. McGrath (Ed.), Social and psychological factors in stress (pp. 97–103). New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart, and Wilson.Google Scholar
  61. Kahn, R. L., Wolfe, D. M., Quinn, R. P., Snoek, J. D., & Rosenthal, R. A. (1964). Organizational stress: Studies in role conflict and ambiguity. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  62. Kanigel, R. (1997). The one best way—Frederick Winslow Taylor and the enigma of efficiency. New York, NY: Viking.Google Scholar
  63. Karasek, R. A., Jr. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24(2), 285–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Karasek, R. (1997). Labor participation and work quality policy: Requirements for an alternative economic future. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 23(Suppl. 4), 55–65.Google Scholar
  65. Karasek, R., & Theorell, T. (1990). Healthy work: Stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  66. Katz, D., & Kahn, R. (1966). Social psychology of organizations. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  67. Kinnunen, U., Feldt, T., Mauno, S., & Rantanen, J. (2010). Interface between work and family: A longitudinal individual and crossover perspective. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83, 119–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Kovats, R. S., & Hajat, S. (2008). Heat stress and public health: A critical review. Annual Review of Public Health, 29(1), 41–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Kristof, A. (1996). Person–organization fit: An integrative review of its conceptualization, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49, 1–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Lan, L., Lian, Z., & Pan, L. (2010). The effects of air temperature on office workers’ well-being, workload and productivity—Evaluated with subjective ratings. Applied Ergonomics, 42(1), 29–36.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Lavelle, J. J., Brockner, J., Konovsky, M. A., Price, K. H., Henley, A. B., Taneja, A., & Vishnu, V. (2009). Commitment, procedural fairness, and organizational citizenship behavior: A multifoci analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 337–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Lavelle, J. J., McMahan, G. C., & Harris, C. M. (2009). Fairness in human resource management, social exchange relationships, and citizenship behavior: Testing linkages of the target similarity model using nurses in the United States. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20, 2419–2434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Lax, M. B., Grant, W. D., Manetti, F. A., & Klein, R. (1998). Recognizing occupational disease: Taking an effective occupational history. American Family Physician, 58, 935–944.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Lazarus, R. S. (1966). Psychological stress and the coping process. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  75. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
  76. Lazarus, R., & Launier, R. (1978). Stress-related transactions between person and environment. In L. Pervin & M. Lewis (Eds.), Perspectives in interactional psychology (pp. 287–327). New York, NY: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Leventhal, G. S. (1976). The distribution of rewards and resources in groups and organizations. In L. Berkowitz & W. Walster (Eds.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 9, pp. 91–131). New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  78. Leventhal, G. S., Karuza, J., & Fry, W. R. (1980). Beyond fairness: A theory of allocation preferences. In G. Mikula (Ed.), Justice and social interaction (pp. 167–218). New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
  79. Levi, L. (2011). Towards a Europe of health: Perspectives for future health policies [Editorial]. The European Journal of Psychiatry, 25(1), 5–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Lewin, K. (1938). The conceptual representation and measurement of psychological forces. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Lindfors, P., Berntsson, L., & Lundberg, U. (2006). Total workload as related to psychological well-being and symptoms in full-time employed female and male white-collar workers. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 13(2), 131–137.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Lofquist, L. H., & Dawis, R. V. (1969). Adjustment to work: A psychological view of man’s problems in a work-oriented society. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  83. Macik-Frey, M., Quick, J. C., & Nelson, D. L. (2007). Advances in occupational health: From a stressful beginning to a positive future. Journal of Management, 33(6), 809–840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Maclean, L. M., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Moyer, A. (2000). Transdisciplinary work with psychology from a population health perspective: An illustration. Journal of Health Psychology, 5(2), 173–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Marshall, J., & Cooper, C. L. (1979). Executives under pressure: A psychological study. London: MacMillan.Google Scholar
  86. Marx, K. (1967/1845). The German ideology. In L. D. Easton, & K. H. L. Guddat (Eds. and Trans.), Writings of the young Marx on philosophy and society. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  87. Maslach, C., Schaufeli, W., & Leiter, M. (2008). Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mayo, E. (1933). The human problems of an industrial civilization. New York, NY: MacMillan.Google Scholar
  90. Morata, T. C., Byrne, D. C., & Rabinowitz, P. M. (2011). Noise exposure and hearing disorders (6th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  91. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (n.d.). Stress…at work. Retrieved October 10, 2007 from
  92. Parkes, K. (2003). Shiftwork and environment as interactive predictors of work perceptions. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 8(4), 266–281.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Petterson, I., & Arnetz, B. (1997). Measuring psychosocial work quality and health: Development of health care measures of measurement. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2, 229–241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Quick, J. C., Cooper, C. L., Nelson, D. L., Quick, J. D., & Gavin, J. H. (2003). Stress, health, and well-being at work. In J. Greenberg (Ed.), Organizational behavior: The state of the science (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.Google Scholar
  95. Quick, J. C., & Quick, J. D. (1997). Stress management programs. In L. H. Peters, S. A. Youngblood, & C. R. Greer (Eds.), The Blackwell encyclopedia of human resource management (pp. 338–339). Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd.Google Scholar
  96. Quick, J. D., Quick, J. C., & Nelson, D. L. (1998). The theory of preventive stress management in organizations. In C. L. Cooper (Ed.), Theories of organizational stress (pp. 246–268). Cambridge: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  97. Quick, J. C., Quick, J. D., Nelson, D. L., & Hurrell, J. J., Jr. (1997). Preventative stress management in organizations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Quick, J. C., Simmons, B., & Nelson, D. L. (2000). Work conditions. In A. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 8, pp. 269–274). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association and Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  99. Quick, J. C., & Tetrick, L. E. (2003). Handbook of occupational health psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Quick, J. C., & Tetrick, L. E. (2010). Handbook of occupational health psychology (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  101. Roethlisberger, F., & Dickson, W. J. (1939). Management and the worker. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  102. Rosch, P. J. (2001). The quandary of job stress compensation. Health and Stress, 3, 1–4.Google Scholar
  103. Rosenstock, L., Olenec, C., & Wagner, G. R. (1998). The National Occupational Research Agenda: A model of broad stakeholder input into priority setting. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 353–356.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Russell, C. J. (2001). A longitudinal study of top-level executive performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(4), 560–573.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Salminen, S. (2010). Shift work and extended working hours as risk factors for occupational injury. Ergonomics Open Journal, 3, 14–18.Google Scholar
  106. Sauter, S. L., Murphy, L. R., & Hurrell, J. (1990). Prevention of work-related psychological disorders: A national strategy proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). American Psychologist, 45(10), 1146–1158.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Schachter, C. L., Busch, A. J., & Peloso, P. M. (2003). Effects of short versus long bouts of aerobic exercise in sedentary women with fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial. Physical Therapy, 83, 340–358.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Schaufeli, W. B. (2004). The future of occupational health psychology. Applied Psychology, 53(4), 502–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Schultz, D., & Schultz, S. E. (2010). Psychology and work today (10th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  110. Sekiguchi, T. (2004a). Person–organization fit and person–job fit in employee selection: A review of the literature. Osaka Keidai Ronshu, 54, 179–196.Google Scholar
  111. Sekiguchi, T. (2004b). Toward a dynamic perspective of person–environment fit. Osaka Keidai Ronshu, 55, 177–190.Google Scholar
  112. Seppälä, P., & Klemola, S. (2004). How do employees perceive their organization and job when companies adopt principles of lean production? Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, 14(2), 157–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Sharma, S., & Sharma, M. (2010). Globalization, threatened identities, coping and well-being. Psychological Studies, 55(4), 313–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Shoaf, C., Genaidy, A., Karwowski, W., & Huang, S. H. (2004). Improving performance and quality of working life: A model for organizational health assessment in emerging enterprises. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, 14(1), 81–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Shultz, K., Wang, M., & Olson, D. A. (2010). Role overload and underload in relation to occupational stress and health. Stress and Health, 26, 99–1111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Siegrist, J. (1996). Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(1), 27–41.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Sulsky, L., & Smith, C. (2005). Work stress. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  118. Szalma, J. L., & Hancock, P. A. (2011). Noise effects on human performance: A meta-analytic synthesis. Psychological Bulletin, 137(4), 682–707.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Tak, S., Davis, R. R., & Calvert, G. M. (2009). Exposure to hazardous workplace noise and use of hearing protection devices among US workers—NHANES, 1999–2004. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 52(5), 358–371.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Taylor, F. W. (1911). The principles of scientific management. New York, NY: Harper.Google Scholar
  121. Tepas, D. I., Armstrong, D. R., Carlson, M. L., & Duchon, J. C. (1985). Changing industry to continuous operations: Different strokes for different plants. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 17(6), 670–676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Tepper, B. J. (2000). Consequences of abusive supervision. The Academy of Management Journal, 43(2), 178–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Tepper, B. J. (2001). Health consequences of organizational injustice: Tests of main and interactive effects. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 86(2), 197–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Tetrick, L. E., & Quick, J. C. (2003). Prevention at work: Public health in occupational settings. In J. C. Quick & L. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 3–17). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Tetrick, L. E., & Quick, J. C. (2010). Overview of occupational health psychology: Public health in occupational settings. In J. C. Quick & L. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (2nd ed., pp. 3–20). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  126. Theorell, T., & Karasek, R. A. (1996). Current issues relating to psychosocial job strain and cardiovascular disease research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(1), 9–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Thompson, B., Brough, P., & Schmidt, H. (2006). Supervisor and subordinate work–family values. International Journal of Stress Management, 13, 45–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. US Department of Labor. The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended 29 U.S.C. § 201, et seq.Google Scholar
  129. Van Harrison, R. (1978). Person–environment fit and job stress. In C. L. Cooper & R. Payne (Eds.), Stress at work. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  130. Vanroelen, C., Levecque, K., Moors, G., Gadeyne, S., & Louckx, F. (2009). The structuring of occupational stressors in a Post-Fordist work environment. Moving beyond traditional accounts of demand, control and support. Social Science and Medicine, 68(6), 1082–1090.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Vermunt, R., & Steensma, H. (2005). How can justice be used to manage stress in organizations? In J. Greenberg & J. A. Colquit (Eds.), Handbook of organizational justice (pp. 383–410). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.Google Scholar
  132. Villanueva, V., & Garcia, A. M. (2011). Individual and occupational factors related to fatal occupational injuries: A case–control study. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43(1), 123–127.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Waling, K., Javholm, B., & Sundelin, G. (2002). Effects of training on female trapezius myalgia: An intervention study with a 3-year follow-up period. Spine, 27, 789–796.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Wallace, J.C., & Chen, G. (2005). Development and validation of a work-specific measure of cognitive failure: Implications for occupational safety. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 78: 615–632.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. World Health Organization. (1948). Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, 19 June–22 July 1946; signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States (Official Records of the World Health Organization, no. 2, p. 100) and entered into force on 7 April 1948.Google Scholar
  136. World Health Organization. (2007). Workers’ health: Global plan of action. Sixtieth World Health Assembly. Retrieved from the World Health Organization website:

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Graham
    • 1
  • Krista J. Howard
    • 2
  • Angela Liegey Dougall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyTexas State UniversitySan MarcosUSA

Personalised recommendations