The Growth of Occupational Health Psychology

  • Heather Graham
  • Krista J. Howard
  • Angela Liegey Dougall
Chapter
Part of the Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability book series (SHHDW)

Abstract

Since its origins in the early twentieth century, occupational health psychology has transformed into an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary fields focused on promoting healthy workers and healthy organizations. Through this period of growth, many theories were developed that have guided much of the research in identifying environmental and psychosocial risk factors for negative health outcomes in the workplace. A central focus has been placed on stress and its adverse effects on outcomes, such as productivity, job satisfaction, and employee health. Additionally, stress management interventions have become the mainstay for successful preventative occupational health programs. National organizations have also emerged to help support researchers in the development and implementation of workplace interventions. Overall, the field has made great strides and is primed for further investigation into such topics as the bidirectional relationships between organizational health and employee health, the reciprocal influence of other life roles on work stress, and the broader dissemination of practices that have demonstrated effectiveness in occupational health settings.

Keywords

Fatigue Depression Expense Posit Lewin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Graham
    • 1
  • Krista J. Howard
    • 2
  • Angela Liegey Dougall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyTexas State UniversitySan MarcosUSA

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