Jatropha and Phytoremediation of Metal Contaminated Land

  • Asha A. Juwarkar
  • S. K. Yadav
  • G. P. Kumar


Wastelands are the degraded and unutilized lands due to different constraints. The metal contaminated lands are ecologically unstable and are unsuitable for cultivation due to decline in their physico-chemical properties, biological quality and productivity. Phytoremediation is an emerging green technology which is based on potential of plants/trees to remove pollutants from contaminated soils/ecosystem. J. curcas has potential for phytoremediation of soil contaminated with heavy metals, salts and hydrocarbons, etc. Phytoremediation of metal contaminated soil with non-edible plants like J. curcas is suitable for its integration in different agroforestry systems. Besides having phytoremediation capabilities, J.curcas produces seeds for bio-diesel and its domestication can provide means of ecofriendly, socioeconomic management involving income generation, climate change mitigation, soft farming and sustainable development of reclaimed sites.


Heavy Metal Degraded Land Organic Waste Material Phytoremediation Technology Marine Chemical Research Institute 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abhilash PC, Srivastava P, Jamil S, Singh N (2010) Revisited Jatropha curcas as an oil plant of multiple benefits: critical research needs and prospects for the future. Environ Sci Pollut Res 18:127–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agamuthu P, Abioye OP, Aziz AA (2010) Phytoremediation of soil contaminated with used lubricating oil using Jatropha curcas. J Hazard Mater 179:891–894PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmadpour P, Nawi AM, Abdu A, Abdul-Hamid H, Singh DK, Hassan A et al (2010) Uptake of heavy metals by Jatropha curcas L. planted in soils containing sewage sludge. Am J Appl Sci 7:1291–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alkorta I, Hernandez-Allica J, Becerril JM, Amezaga I, Albizu I, Garbisu C (2004) Recent findings on the phytoremediation of soils contaminated with environmentally toxic heavy metals and metalloids such as zinc, cadmium, lead, and arsenic. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 3:71–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baker AJM (1981) Accumulation and excluders strategies in the response of plants to heavy metals. J Plant Nutr 3:643–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Becker K, Makkar HPS (1998) Toxic effects of phorbol esters in carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Vet Hum Toxicol 40:82–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Berti WR, Cunningham SD (2000) Phytostabilization of metals. In: Raskin I, Ensley BD (eds) Phytoremediation of toxic metals: using plants to clean-up the environment. Wiley, New York, pp 71–88Google Scholar
  8. Biswas PK, Pohit S, Kumar R (2010) Biodiesel from Jatropha: can India meet the 20% blending target? Energy Policy 38:1477–1484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cano-Asseleih LM, Plumbly RA, Hylands PJ (1989) Purification and partial characterization of the hemagglutination from seeds of Jatropha curcas. J Food Biochem 13:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chehregani A, Malayeri BE (2007) Removal of heavy metals by native accumulator plants. Int J Agric Biol 9:462–465Google Scholar
  11. Cunningham SD, Shann JR, Crowley DE, Anderson TA (1997) Phytoremediation of contaminated water and soil. In: Kruger EL, Anderson TA, Coats JR (eds) Phytoremediation of soil and water contaminants, vol 664, ACS Symposium series. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp 2–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dagar JC, Tomar OS, Kumar Y, Bhagwan H, Yadav RK, Tyagi NK (2006) Performance of some under-explored crops under saline irrigation in a semiarid climate in Northwest India. Land Degradation Dev 17:285–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dushenkov V, Motto H, Raskin I, Kumar NPBA (1995) Rhizofiltration: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from aqueous streams. Environ Sci Technol 30:1239–1245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ensley BD (2000) Rational for use of phytoremediation. In: Raskin I, Ensley BD (eds) Phytoremediation of toxic metals: using plants to clean- up the environment. Wiley, New York, pp 3–12Google Scholar
  15. Gao S, Ouyang C, Wang S, Xu Y, Tang L, Chen F (2008a) Effects of salt stress on growth, antioxidant enzyme and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activities in Jatropha curcas L. seedlings. Plant Soil Environ 54:374–381Google Scholar
  16. Gao S, Yan R, Cao M, Yang W, Wang S, Chen F (2008b) Effects of copper on growth, antioxidant enzymes and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activities in Jatropha curcas L. seedling. Plant Soil Environ 54:117–122Google Scholar
  17. Gao S, Ou-yang C, Tang L, Zhu J, Xu Y, Wang S et al (2010) Growth and antioxidant responses in Jatropha curcas seedlings exposed to mercury toxicity. J Hazard Mater 182:591–597PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Garbisu C, Alkorta I (2001) Phytoextraction: a cost-effective plant-based technology for the removal of metals from the environment. Bioresour Technol 77:229–236PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ghosh M, Singh SP (2005) A review on phytoremediation of heavy metals and utilization of its byproducts. Appl Ecol Environ Res 3:1–18Google Scholar
  20. Gratao PL, Prasad MNV, Cardoso PF, Lea PJ, Azevedo RA (2005) Phytoremediation: green technology for the clean up of toxic metals in the environment. Braz J Plant Physiol 17:53–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gubitz GM, Mittelbech M, Trabi M (1999) Exploitation of tropical oil seed plant Jatropha curcas L. Bioresour Technol 67:73–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Guerinot ML, Salt DE (2001) Fortified foods and phytoremediation. Two sides of the same coin. Plant Physiol 125:164–167PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gunaseelan VN (2009) Biomass estimates, characteristics, biochemical methane potential, kinetics and energy flow from Jatropha curcas on dry lands. Biomass Bioenergy 33:589–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hartman WJ Jr (1975) An evaluation of land treatment of municipal wastewater and physical siting of facility installations. Washington DC, US Department of ArmyGoogle Scholar
  25. Jain S, Sharma MP (2010) Prospects of biodiesel from Jatropha in India: a review. Renew Sust Energy Rev 1:763–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jamil S, Abhilash PC, Singha N, Sharma PN (2009) Jatropha curcas: a potential crop for phytoremediation of coal fly ash. J Hazard Mater 172:269–275PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Janaun J, Ellis N (2010) Perspectives on biodiesel as a sustainable fuel. Renew Sust Energy Rev 14:1312–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jongschaap REE, Corré WJ, Bindraben PS, Brandenburg WA (2010) Claims and Facts on Jatropha curcas L.; global Jatropha curcas evaluation, breeding and propagation programme. Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen Stichting Het Groene Woudt, Laren. Report 158Google Scholar
  29. Juwarkar AA, Yadav SK, Thawale PR, Kumar P, Singh SK (2008) Effect of biosludge and biofertilizer amendment on growth of Jatropha curcas in heavy metal contaminated soils. Environ Monit Assess 145:7–15PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Juwarkar AA, Yadav SK, Thawale PR, Kumar P, Singh SK, Chakrabarti T (2009) Developmental strategies for sustainable ecosystem on mine spoil dumps: a case of study. Environ Monit Assess 157:471–481PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kumar PBAN, Dushenkov V, Motto H, Raskin L (1995) Phytoextraction: the use of plants to remove heavy metals from soils. Environ Sci Technol 29:1232–1238PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kumar A, Sharma S (2008) An evaluation of multipurpose oil seed crop for industrial uses (Jatropha curcas L.): a review. Industrial Crops and Products, 28:1–10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kumar GP, Yadav SK, Singh SK, Thawale PR, Juwarkar AA (2008a) Growth of Jatropha curcas on heavy metal contaminated soil amended with industrial wastes and Azotobacter—a greenhouse study. Bioresour Technol 99:2078–2082PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kumar N, Pamidimarri SDVN, Kaur M, Boricha G, Reddy MP (2008b) Effects of NaCl on growth, ion accumulation, protein, proline contents and antioxidant enzymes activity in callus cultures of Jatropha curcas. Biologia 63:378–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lim S, Teong LK (2010) Recent trends, opportunities and challenges of biodiesel in Malaysia: an overview. Renew Sust Energy Rev 14:938–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mangkoedihardjo S, Surahmaida A (2008) Jatropha curcas L. for phytoremediation of lead and cadmium polluted soil. World Appl Sci J 4:519–522Google Scholar
  37. Mangkoedihardjo S, Ratnawati R, Alfianti N (2008) Phytoremediation of hexavalent chromium polluted soil using Pterocarpus indicus and Jatropha curcas L. World Appl Sci J 4:338–342Google Scholar
  38. Meagher RB (2000) Phytoremediation of toxic elemental and organic pollutants. Curr Opin Plant Biol 3:153–162PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mittler R (2002) Oxidative stress, antioxidants and stress tolerance. Trends Plant Sci 7:405–410PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Openshaw K (2000) A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise. Biomass Bioenergy 19:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Parida AK, Das AB (2005) Salt tolerance and salinity effect on plants: a review. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 60:324–349PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Parvaiz A, Satyawati S (2008) Salt stress and phytobiochemical responses of plants—a review. Plant Soil Environ 54:89–99Google Scholar
  43. Prasad MNV, de Oliveira Freitas HM (2003) Metal hyperaccumulation in plants—biodiversity prospecting for phytoremediation technology. Elec J Biotech 6:285–321Google Scholar
  44. Pulford ID, Watson C (2003) Phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated land by trees—a review. Environ Int 29:529–540PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Raskin I, Kumar PBAN, Dushenkov S, Salt DE (1994) Bioconcentration of heavy metals by plants. Curr Opin Biotechnol 5:285–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Salt DE, Blaylock M, Kumar NPBA, Dushenkov V, Ensley D, Chet I et al (1995) Phytoremediation: a novel strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants. Biotechnology 13:468–474PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Salt DE, Blaylock M, Raskin I (1998) Phytoremediation. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol 49:643–668PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Singh SK (2007) Global agriculture information network (GAIN), Report IN7047. India Biofuels Annual. pp 5–12Google Scholar
  49. Siriwardhana M, Opathella GKC, Jha MK (2009) Bio-diesel: initiatives, potential and prospects in Thailand: a review. Energy Policy 37:554–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Smith RAH, Bradshaw AD (1972) Stabilization of toxic mine wastes by use of tolerant plant populations. Trans Instr Mining Metallurg 81:230–237Google Scholar
  51. Sopper WE (1993) Municipal sludge use in land reclamation. Lewis and CRC Press, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  52. Yadav SK, Juwarkar AA, Kumar GP, Thawale PR, Singh SK, Chakrabarti T (2009) Bioaccumulation and phyto-translocation of arsenic, chromium and zinc by Jatropha curcas L: Impact of dairy sludge and biofertilizer. Bioresour Technol 100:4616–4622PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yadav SK, Dhote M, Kumar P, Sharma J, Chakrabarti T, Juwarkar AA (2010) Differential antioxidative enzyme responses of Jatropha curcas L. to chromium stress. J Hazard Mater 180:609–615PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Ye M, Li C, Francis G, Makkar HPS (2009) Current situation and prospects of Jatropha curcas as a multipurpose tree in China. Agroforestry Syst 76:487–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhang FL, Niu B, Wang YC, Chen F, Wang SH, Xu Y et al (2008) A novel betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase gene from Jatropha curcas, encoding an enzyme implicated in adaptation to environmental stress. Plant Sci 174:510–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhou A, Thomson E (2009) The development of biofuels in Asia. Appl Energy 86:11–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eco-Restoration DivisionNational Environment Engineering Research Institute (NEERI)NagpurIndia
  2. 2.Plant Nutrition DivisionDefence Food Research LaboratoryMysoreIndia

Personalised recommendations