The ASEAN+‘X’ Framework and its Implications for the Economic-Security Nexus in East Asia

Part of the The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific book series (PEAP, volume 1)


The rise of China, the decline of Japan, and the ambivalence of the United States are at the heart of the shifting balance of the East Asian region. South Korea has also longed for a balancing role among its giant neighbors, albeit with limited success. Despite its structural limitations, the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has shown a certain degree of institutional resilience and adaptability in the emergence of “ASEAN+X” forums such as ASEAN+1, +3, +6, and +8. The complex balance of power and interests in this region does not allow for a single pacesetter, thus motivating these countries to consider sharing (and competing for) regional leadership and influence with each other through the ASEAN+X forums.


East Asian Country East Asian Regionalism Free Trade Area Asian Financial Crisis Security Cooperation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Seoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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