The ASEAN+‘X’ Framework and its Implications for the Economic-Security Nexus in East Asia

Chapter
Part of the The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific book series (PEAP, volume 1)

Abstract

The rise of China, the decline of Japan, and the ambivalence of the United States are at the heart of the shifting balance of the East Asian region. South Korea has also longed for a balancing role among its giant neighbors, albeit with limited success. Despite its structural limitations, the Association for Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has shown a certain degree of institutional resilience and adaptability in the emergence of “ASEAN+X” forums such as ASEAN+1, +3, +6, and +8. The complex balance of power and interests in this region does not allow for a single pacesetter, thus motivating these countries to consider sharing (and competing for) regional leadership and influence with each other through the ASEAN+X forums.

Keywords

Economic Crisis Transportation Coherence Assure Arena 

References

  1. Aggarwal, Vinod K. 1998. Reconciling multiple institutions: Bargaining, linkages, and nesting. In Asia Pacific crossroads: Regime creation and the future of APEC, ed. Vinod K. Aggarwal and Charles E. Morrison. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Aggarwal, Vinod. 2010. Designing trade institutions for the Asia–Pacific, paper presented “A Post 2010 Trade Agenda for the Asia-Pacific,” organized by PECC-ADBI-IDB, 1–41.Google Scholar
  3. Aggarwal, Vinod K. and Shujiro Urata, eds. 2006. Bilateral trade arrangements in the AsiaPacific: Origins, evolution, and implications. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Aggarwal, Vinod K., and Min Gyo Koo. 2008. Asia’s new institutional architecture: Evolving structures for managing trade, financial, and security relations. In Asia’s new institutional architecture: Evolving structures for managing trade, financial, and security relations, ed. Vinod K. Aggarwal and Min Gyo Koo. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Arase, David. 2010. Non-traditional security in China-ASEAN cooperation: The institutionalization of regional security cooperation and the evolution of East Asian regionalism. Asian Survey 50(4): 808–833.Google Scholar
  6. Bergsten, Fred. 2000. Towards a tripartite world. The Economist, 15 July, 20–22.Google Scholar
  7. Calder, Kent E. 2004. Securing security through prosperity: The San Francisco system in comparative perspective. The Pacific Review 17(1): 135–157.Google Scholar
  8. Capling, Ann. 2008. Preferential trade agreements as instruments of foreign policy: An Australia–Japan free trade agreement and its implications for the Asia–Pacific region. The Pacific Review 21(1): 27–43.Google Scholar
  9. Conti, Delia B. 1998. Reconciling free trade, fair trade, and interdependence: The rhetoric of presidential economic leadership. Westport: Praeger Publishers.Google Scholar
  10. Cook, Malcolm. 2008. The United States and the East Asia summit: Finding the proper home. Contemporary Southeast Asia 30(2): 293–312.Google Scholar
  11. Cumings, Bruce. 1997. Japan and Northeast Asia into the twenty first century. In Network power: Japan and Asia, ed. Peter J. Katzenstein and Takashi Shiraishi. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Dieter, Heribert. 2007. The future of monetary regionalism in Asia: A joint currency or limited cooperation? In The evolution of regionalism in Asia: Economic and security issues, ed. Heribert Dieter. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Dieter, Heribert. 2009. Changing patterns of regional governance: From security to political economy? The Pacific Review 22(1): 73–90.Google Scholar
  14. Dieter, Heribert and Richard Higgott. 2002. Exploring alternative theories of economic regionalism: From trade to finance in Asian Cooperation. CSGR working paper no. 89/02, University of Warwick, Jan. http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/csgr/research/workingpapers/2002/wp8902.pdf. Accessed Mar 1 2012.
  15. Fergusson, Ian F. and Bruce Vaughn. 2010. The trans-Pacific partnership agreement. CRS report for congress 7–5700, Nov 1. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
  16. Goh, Chok Tong. 2003. FTAs will ensure US and Asia remain in happy embrace. Straits Times, 9 May.Google Scholar
  17. Goh, Evelyn. 2011. Institutions and the great power bargain in East Asia: ASEAN’s limited ‘brokerage’ role. International Relations of the AsiaPacific 11: 1–29 (advance online access). doi: 10.1093/irap/lcr014.
  18. Goh, Everlyn, and Amitav Acharya. 2007. Introduction. In Reassessing security cooperation in the AsiaPacific: Competition, congruence, and transformation, ed. Amitav Acharya and Everlyn Goh, 1–17. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. Goldstein, Judith. 1988. Ideas, institutions and American trade policy. International Organization 42(1): 179–217.Google Scholar
  20. Grieco, Joseph M. 1997. System sources of variation in regional institutionalization in Western Europe, East Asia, and the Americas. In The political economy of regionalism, ed. Edward E. Mansfield and Helen Milner. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Harris, Stuart and Andrew Mack, eds. 1997. AsiaPacific security: The economicspolitics nexus. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  22. Hatch, Walter, and Kozo Yamamura. 1996. Asia in Japan’s embrace: Building a regional production alliance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Higgott, Richard. 1999. The political economy of globalization in East Asia. In Globalization and the AsiaPacific: Contested territories, ed. Kris Olds et al. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Higgott, Richard. 2004. US Foreign Policy and the ‘securitization’ of economic globalization. International Politics 41: 147–175.Google Scholar
  25. Hughes, Christopher W. 2009. Japan’s response to China’s rise: Regional engagement, global containment, dangers of collision. International Affairs 85(4): 837–856.Google Scholar
  26. Hund, Markus. 2003. ASEAN plus three: Towards a new age of Pan-East Asian regionalism? A skeptic’s appraisal. The Pacific Review 16(3): 383–417.Google Scholar
  27. Irwin, Douglas A. 1997. Managed trade: The case against import targets. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.Google Scholar
  28. Jones, David Martin and Michael L.R. Smith. 2007. Making process, not progress: ASEAN and the evolving East Asian regional order. International Security 32(1): 148–184.Google Scholar
  29. Kang, David C. 2007. China rising: Peace, power, and order in East Asia. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Katzenstein, Peter J. 1997. Introduction: Asian regionalism in comparative perspective. In Network power: Japan and Asia, ed. Peter J. Katzenstein and Takahi Shiraishi. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Katzenstein, Peter J. 2005. A world of regions: Asia and Europe in the American imperium. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Koo, Min Gyo. 2009a. Embracing Asia, South Korean style: Preferential trading arrangements as instruments of foreign policy. EAI issue briefing, no. MASI 2009–08, Nov 11. http://www.eai.or.kr/data/bbs/eng_report/2009111215515244.pdf. Accessed Mar 1, 2012.
  33. Koo, Min Gyo. 2009b. The Senkaku/Diaoyu dispute and Sino-Japanese political-economic relations: Cold politics and hot economics? The Pacific Review 22(2): 205–232.Google Scholar
  34. Koo, Min Gyo. 2010. Between a rock and a hard place: The future of the East Asian maritime order. EAI issue briefing, no. MASI 2010–08, Dec 27, 2010. http://www.eai.or.kr/data/bbs/kor_report/2010122814485790.pdf. Accessed Mar 1, 2012.
  35. Koo, Min Gyo. 2011. The US approaches to the trade-security nexus in East Asia: From securitization to re-securitization. Asian Perspective 35(1): 37–57.Google Scholar
  36. Koo, Min Gyo. 2012. Same bed, different dreams: Prospects and challenges for ASEAN+‘X’ forums. Journal of International and Area Studies 19(1).Google Scholar
  37. Kwei, Elaine. 2006. Chinese trade bilateralism: Politics still in command. In Bilateral trade agreements in the AsiaPacific: Origins, evolution, and implications, ed. Vinod K. Aggarwal and Shujiro Urata. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  38. Lin, Kun-chin. 2008. Rhetoric or vision? Chinese response to U.S. unilateralism. In Northeast Asia: Ripe for integration?, ed. Vinod K. Aggarwal, Min Gyo Koo, Seungjoo Lee and Chung-in Moon. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  39. Mochizuki, Mike M. 2009. Political-security competition and the FTA movement: Motivations and consequences. In Competitive regionalism: FTA diffusion in the Pacific Rim, ed. Mireya Solís, Barbara Stallings, and Saori N. Katada, 54–73. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  40. Moore, Thomas C. 2007. China’s rise in Asia: Regional cooperation and grand strategy. In The evolution of regionalism in Asia: Economic and security issues, ed. Heribert Dieter. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Pempel, T.J. 1999. Regional ups, regional downs. In The politics of the Asian economic crisis, ed. T.J. Pempel. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Pempel, T.J. 2010. Soft balancing, hedging, and institutional darwinism: The economic-security nexus and East Asian regionalism. Journal of East Asian Studies 10: 209–238.Google Scholar
  43. Ravenhill, John. 2000. APEC adrift: Implications for economic regionalism in Asia and the Pacific. The Pacific Review 13(2): 319–333.Google Scholar
  44. Ravenhill, John. 2008. Asia’s new economic institutions. In Asia’s new institutional architecture: Evolving structures for managing trade, financial, and security relations, ed. Vinod K. Aggarwal and Min Gyo Koo. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  45. Shirk, Susan L., and Christopher Twomey, eds. 1997. Power and prosperity: Economics and security linkages in the AsiaPacific. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  46. Sohn, Yul, and Min Gyo Koo. 2011. Securitizing trade: The case of the Korea-US free trade agreement. International Relations of the AsiaPacific 11(3): 433–460.Google Scholar
  47. Solís, Mireya, and Saori N. Katada. 2007. Understanding East Asian cross-regionalism: An analytical framework. Pacific Affairs 80(2): 229–258.Google Scholar
  48. Stubbs, Richard. 2002. ASEAN plus three: Emerging East Asian regionalism? Asian Survey 42(3): 440–455.Google Scholar
  49. Taylor, Brendan and Bruce Luckham. 2006. Economics and security. In Strategy and security in the AsiaPacific, ed. Robert Ayson and Desmond Ball. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  50. Terada, Takashi. 2010. The origins of ASEAN + 6 and Japan’s initiatives: China’s rise and the agent-structure analysis. The Pacific Review 23(1): 71–92.Google Scholar
  51. Tsunekawa, Keichi. 2005. Why so many maps there? Japan and East Asian regional developments. In Remapping East Asia: The construction of a region, ed. T.J. Pempel. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Tyson, Laura D’Andrea. 1990. Managed trade: Making the best of the second best. In An American trade strategy: Options for the 1990s, ed. Rudiger W. Dornbusch, Anne O. Krueger, and Laura D’Andrea Tyson. Washington: The Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  53. United States Trade Representative. 2007. United States and Korea conclude historic trade agreement. Apr 2. http://www.america.gov/st/washfile-english/2007/April/20070402154022AKllennoCcM0.2038538.html.
  54. Wade, Robert. 2000. Wheels within wheels: Rethinking the Asian crisis and the Asian model. Annual Review of Political Science 3: 85–115.Google Scholar
  55. Webber, Douglas. 2001. Two funerals and a wedding? The ups and downs of regionalism in East Asia and Asia–Pacific after the Asian crisis. The Pacific Review 14(3): 339–372.Google Scholar
  56. Webber, Douglas. 2010. The regional integration that didn’t happen: Cooperation without integration in early twenty-first century East Asia. The Pacific Review 23(3): 313–333.Google Scholar
  57. Wihardja, Maria Monica. 2011. 2011 East Asia summit: New members, challenges and opportunities. East Asia Forum, June 1. http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2011/06/01/2011-east-asia-summit-new-members-challenges-and-opportunities/.
  58. Yang, Jian. 2009. China’s competitive FTA strategy: Realism on a liberal slide. In Competitive regionalism: FTA diffusion in the Pacific Rim, ed. Mireya Solis, Barbara Stallings and Saori N. Katada. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  59. Zoellick, Robert. 2001. Free trade and hemispheric hope, Remarks before the Council of the Americas, Washington, May 7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Seoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations