An Encephalitis Primer

  • Dominic KellyEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 764)


For most clinicians managing a patient with encephalitis will be an infrequent event. The range of differential diagnoses in a child presenting with a clinical syndrome that could be encephalitis is broad. In addition, there are many pathogens that can cause encephalitis. In view of these facts, a systematic approach to clinical assessment, investigation and treatment, based on epidemiology and an understanding the limits of investigations, is crucial to effective management of this condition. This review focuses on encephalitis aetiology and investigation; HSV encephalitis; mycoplasma encephalitis; and flavivirus encephalitis as a globally important cause of disease.


West Nile Virus Central Nervous System Infection Japanese Encephalitis Viral Encephalitis Intravenous Acyclovir 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Children’s HospitalOxfordUK

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