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Nanobiotechnology: Scope and Potential for Crop Improvement

  • Faheem Ahmed
  • Nishat Arshi
  • Shalendra Kumar
  • Sarvajeet Singh Gill
  • Ritu Gill
  • Narendra Tuteja
  • Bon Heun Koo
Chapter

Abstract

The production level of foodgrains has become an issue of concern as it has shown a downward trend during the last decade. Since, there has been a drastic decrease in natural resources; it is through agriculture that we can visualize a self sustainable world. The growth in agriculture can be achieved only by increasing productivity through an effective use of modern technology as the land and water resources are limited. Nanobiotechnology provides the tool and technological platforms to advance agricultural productivity through genetic improvement of plants, delivery of genes and drug molecules, to specific sites at cellular levels. The interest is increasing with suitable techniques and sensors for precision in agriculture, natural resource management, early detection of pathogens and contaminants in food products and smart delivery systems for agrochemicals like fertilizers and pesticides. To achieve the goals of “nano-agriculture”, detailed investigation on the ability of nanoparticles to penetrate plant cell walls and work as smart treatment-delivery systems in plants, is needed. In this chapter, thorough studies and reliable information regarding the effects of nanomaterials on plant physiology and crop improvement at the organism level, are discussed.

Keywords

Crop improvement Nanotechnology Nanomaterials Nanoparticles synthesis Nanoparticles delivery 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Work on plant abiotic stress tolerance and crop improvement in NT’s laboratory is partially supported by Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, and Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faheem Ahmed
    • 1
  • Nishat Arshi
    • 1
  • Shalendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Sarvajeet Singh Gill
    • 2
  • Ritu Gill
    • 3
  • Narendra Tuteja
    • 2
  • Bon Heun Koo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Nano and Advanced Materials EngineeringChangwon National UniversityChangwonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB)New DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Centre for BiotechnologyMaharshi Dayanand UniversityRohtakIndia

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