Produced by Selective Breeding of Japanese Quail Animal Model for Experimental Atherosclerosis
The Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) was bred selectively to produce a strain highly susceptible to experimental atherosclerosis. A population was produced where aortic atherosclerosis is contracted by 99% of the fourth generation males and 83% of the females. Forty-three percent of the males exhibited severe atherosclerosis making this line of Japanese quail a suitable model for discovering and testing anti-atherosclerosis compounds. This feature is augmented by other features such as size, disposition, and abundance which qualify them as suitable experimental subjects. A second line of Japanese quail was bred to be resistant to dietary-induced atherosclerosis. This strain may be a useful research tool for characterizing the etiology of atherosclerosis.
KeywordsSerum Cholesterol Level Japanese Quail Brachiocephalic Artery Aortic Atherosclerosis Cholesterol Feeding
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