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Challenges in the Control and Eradication of Malaria

  • Ignatius W. Fong
Chapter
Part of the Emerging Infectious Diseases of the 21st Century book series (EIDC)

Abstract

Malaria is still the most important parasitic disease in the world, and tropical developing countries or resource-poor areas face daunting challenges to control and eradicate this pervasive infection. Although progress has been made over the past century in shrinking the malaria map, more than 40 % of the world’s population are at risk of contracting malaria [1]. Most recent estimates on the annual burden of malaria worldwide are several hundred million cases with about 800,000 deaths per year [1]. Snow et al. [2] estimated that there were 515 million cases of clinical malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum alone in 2002. However, in the past 150 years, about half of the countries in the world eliminated malaria [3]. Presently, there are 99 countries with endemic malaria, of which 67 are controlling malaria to a large degree and 32 are in the process of trying to eliminate this parasite [3].

Keywords

Malaria Transmission Malaria Control Antimalarial Drug Severe Malaria Insecticide Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Division of Infectious DiseasesSt. Michael’s HospitalTorontoCanada

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