The New Science and Engineering Management: Cooperative Research Centers as Intermediary Organizations for Government Policies and Industry Strategies



The US Small Business Administration defines intermediary organizations as those that facilitate linkages and cooperation among businesses and between firms and government and nonprofit organizations such as universities, local chambers of commerce, community groups, and state and local government. The term has been used to characterize boundary-spanning management in a broad range of areas, from firm collaboration for innovation and manufacturing, to the joint provision of public education, to the development of improvements in community building, agriculture, and mortgage-lending practices. The term is relatively new, but research and theory on intermediary organizations is not new to policy scholars and organizational economists focused on scientific and technical innovation, e.g., the extant literatures on the design and development of bridging institutions for innovation-based economic development including technology transfer offices, research parks, technology incubators, industry consortia, and what we broadly refer to as cooperative research centers or “CRCs”—which promote collaborative, cross-sector research and development for technological innovation, commercialization and, ultimately, social and economic outcomes.


Open Innovation Intellectual Property Right Intermediary Organization Cooperative Research Center Volume Address 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.John Glenn School of Public Affairs, Battelle Center for Science and Technology PolicyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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