• Maher TabbaEmail author


The majority of newly diagnosed lung cancers are nonresectable and usually treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or both. Malignant and recurrent endobronchial lesions are responsible for the majority of mortality from postobstructive pneumonia, respiratory failure, and sepsis in patients with lung cancer. Endobronchial brachytherapy (EBB) is a form of localized palliative radiation therapy that aims to control the growth of tumors and to achieve reductions in their sizes. Significant improvement in the clinical symptoms such as dyspnea, cough, hemoptysis, lung reaeration, and postobstructive pneumonia has been achieved with this treatment modality. EBB has been used to treat lung malignancy in the following clinical situations: (a) symptomatic endobronchial lesions, (b) early stage malignancy in patients who are not surgical candidates, (c) locally advanced disease with involvement of the nearby anatomic organs (bones or major vessels) and inability to achieve free margins, (d) carcinoma in situ, and (e) mesothelioma. There are three types of radiotherapy: low-dose rate (LDR), high-dose rate (HDL), and pulse dose rate (PDR). HDR has significantly shortened the treatment time, minimized the need for hospitalization and associated costs, as well as decreased catheter dislodgment. It is becoming the most frequently used brachytherapy treatment option.


External Beam Radiation Therapy Radioactive Source Flexible Bronchoscopy Nonoperable Patient Sublobar Resection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author thanks Dr. Carla Lamb and Dr. Sara Shadchehr from the Lahey Clinic, Burlington, Massachusetts, for providing the images used in this chapter.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pulmonary & Critical Care and Sleep MedicineTufts UniversityBostonUSA

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