General Principles of Endoscopic Imaging

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter covers general aspects of the evolution of bronchoscopic imaging from the very first idea of a flexible bronchoscope in Japan in late 1960s up to state-of-the-art video technology used all over the globe today and in future. Special attention is given to outline basic design principles and to explain essential core components of the inner workings of a bronchoscope. The components which are discussed have undergone major evolution changes during last decades aiming for enhanced manoeuvrability, improved diagnostic yield or better therapeutic capabilities. Basic elements needed to complete a ready to go bronchoscopy system are described step by step. Different light imaging acquisition techniques like autofluorescence imaging and narrow band imaging are briefly explained to give an overview of the variety of options existing today. Special modalities like hybrid fibre-video bronchoscopes and mobile bronchoscopes are introduced. This chapter closes with an outlook in the future. The final section covers reprocessing aspects of the most common cleaning and disinfecting routine cycles used nowadays. A summary of encountered challenges in designing a bronchoscope fully compatible with utmost demanding autoclaving routines is closing the chapter.

Keywords

Europe Rubber Glutaraldehyde Tray 

Notes

Acknowledgment

All pictures used in this chapter courtesy and copyright of Olympus Medical Systems Corp., Tokyo.

Suggested Reading

  1. 1.
    Nakhosteen JA, Khanavkar B, Darwiche K, Scherff A, Hecker E, Ewig S. Atlas und Lehrbuch der Thorakalen Endoskopie. vierteth ed. Heidelberg: Springer Medizin Verlag; 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ikeda S. Atlas of flexible bronchofiberscopy. Tokyo: Igaku Shoin Ltd; 1974.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Killian G. Ueber directe Bronchoskopie. Munch Med Wochenschr. 1898;27:844–7.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Killian H. Gustav Killian – sein Leben sein Werk. Remscheid-Lennep: Dustri-Verlag; 1958.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kollofrath O. Entfernung eines Knochenstücks aus dem rechten Bronchus auf natürlichem Wege und unter Anwendung der directen Laryngoscopie. MMW. 1897;38:1038–9.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mehta AC. Flexible Bronchoscopy in the 21st Century. Clin Chest Med. 1999;20:1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nicolai T. Technik der Bronchoskopie bei Kindern. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1999;147(2):139–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prakash UBS, editor. Bronchoscopy mayo foundation. New York: Raven Press; 1994.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Reuter MA. Geschichte der Endoskopie. Handbuch und Atlas, Band 1. Stuttgart/Zürich: Karl Krämer; 1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General Principles of Endoscopic ImagingOlympus Europa Holding GmbHHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations