Life and Death at the Florence Stockade, American Civil War, Prisoner of War Camp, South Carolina

Chapter
Part of the Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology book series (CGHA, volume 1)

Abstract

Extensive excavations of a guard camp at the site of Florence Stockade, South Carolina, in advance of development revealed extensive traces of Prisoner of War (PoW) activity despite an occupation of only from September 1864 to March 1865. Evidence from features, particularly pits, and from artifacts, can be combined with documentary sources to reveal many aspects of PoW life within this crowded and unsanitary camp. The excavations demonstrate that even such transitory sites can yield much information to illuminate the PoW experience.

Keywords

Clay Rubber Sponge Charcoal Excavation 

References

  1. Andrews, S. (2004). The south since the war. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Avery, P. G., & P. H. Garrow, 2008. Phase III Archaeological Investigations of 38FL2, The Florence Stockade, Florence, South Carolina. Report submitted to the Department of Veteran’s Affairs, National Cemetery Administration, Washington, D.C. by MACTEC Engineering and Consulting, Knoxville, TN.Google Scholar
  3. Bryan, C. F., Jr., Kelly, J. C., & Lankford, N. D. (2001). Images from the storm: Private Robert Knox Sneden. New York, NY: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  4. Coates, E. J., & Thomas, D. S. (1990). Introduction to civil war small arms. Gettysburg, PA: Thomas.Google Scholar
  5. Congressional Record (1868) Treatment of prisoners of war by the rebel authorities during the war of the rebellion. Reports of Committees of the House of Representatives made during the third session of the fortieth congress, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  6. Cook, F. G. (1996). Georgia and beyond: The life and times of a civil war brevetted Captain David G. James. Retrieved December 20, 2010 from http://secondwi.com/davidjames/david.htm.
  7. Eccles, T. J. (1864–1865) From the state reserves. Articles Submitted to the Yorkville Enquirer, York, SC, from the Florence Stockade.Google Scholar
  8. Florence Military Records (1864–1865) Records of the Military Department, Office of the Confederate Historian, Florence Military Prison Records, South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia, SC.Google Scholar
  9. Friends of the Florence Stockade (2006) Friends of the Florence Stockade Newsletter, Spring 2006:11.Google Scholar
  10. Fosdick, C. (1887). Five hundred days in rebel prisons. Bethany, MO: Clipper Book and Job Office.Google Scholar
  11. Goss, W. L. (2001). The soldier’s story of his captivity at Andersonville, Belle Isle, and other rebel prisons. Scituate, MA: DSI Scanning. Reprint of 1866 volume.Google Scholar
  12. Grunden, R., J. Holland (2005). Archaeological investigations for the Florence National Cemetery Expansion Project, Florence County, South Carolina. Report submitted to Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, D.C. by TRC, Columbia, SC.Google Scholar
  13. Nelson (2006). Right Nice Little Houses: Winter Camp Architecture of the American Civil War.” In Huts and History: The Historical Archaeology of Military Encampment During the American Civil War. Clarence R. Geier, David G. Orr, and Mathew B. Reeves, editors. pp. 177–193. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.Google Scholar
  14. Rev Holmes, N. J. (1920). Life sketches and sermons. Royston, GA: Press of the Pentecostal Holiness Church.Google Scholar
  15. Hoster, J. L. (n.d.). Adventures of a soldier, partial diary, October 1864-March 1865 (Unpublished Diary in Possession of Ms. Ruth G. Deike, Vienna, Virginia). National Register of Historic Places File for the Stockade, South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia, SC.Google Scholar
  16. Kellogg, R. H. (1868). Life and death in rebel prisons. Hartford, CT: L. Stebbins.Google Scholar
  17. King, G. W. (1974, January) Death camp at Florence. Civil war times illustrated. pp. 35–42.Google Scholar
  18. Martinez, J. M. (2004). Life and Death in Civil War Prisons: The Parallel Torments of Corporal of Corporal John Wesly Minnich, CSA, and Sergeant Warren Lee Goss, USA. Rutledge Hill Press, Nashville, Tennessee.Google Scholar
  19. McElroy, J. (2003). Andersonville a story of rebel military prisons. Reissued by W. & J. Dasher, Nashville, TN. (Original work published 1879).Google Scholar
  20. Miller, N. (1900). The story of Andersonville and Florence. Des Moines, IA: The Printer Welch.Google Scholar
  21. Moore, H. A. (1972) Reminiscence of confederate prison life. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. Winter 65,4.Google Scholar
  22. Newton, T. (1896). Memoirs of Thomas Newton, Pvt., Co. I, 6th Wisconsin. Retrieved December 20, 2010 from http://www.homepages.dsu.edu/jankej/civilwar/newton.htm.
  23. Power, T. (1991) The Confederate Prison Stockade at Florence, South Carolina. (Manuscript, South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia).Google Scholar
  24. Rusling, J. F. (1866). Report to Brevet Major General M.C. Meigs, Quartermaster General, Office of the Inspector, Quartermaster Department Charleston, S.C., May 27, 1866. National Archives, Washington, D.C. (Copy on File, South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia).Google Scholar
  25. Sanders, C. W. (2005). While in the hands of the enemy: Military prisons of the Civil War. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Snell, M. A. (Ed.). (1996). Dancing along the deadline. Novato, CA: Presidio.Google Scholar
  27. South, S. A. (1977). Method and theory in historical archaeology. New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  28. Speer, L. R. (1997). Portals to hell military prisons of the civil war. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole.Google Scholar
  29. Stewart, J. M. (1999) Experiences in the civil war of John Marshall Stewart 75th Ohio volunteer infantry. Retrieved 20 December 2010 http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/stori/75thstory.html.
  30. United States War Department. (1861). Revised regulations for the Army of the United States. Philadelphia, PA: J. G. L. Brown.Google Scholar
  31. United States War Department. (1899). The war of the rebellion: An official compilation of the official records of the union and confederate armies (Series II, Vol. VII and VIII). Washington, DC: United States War Department.Google Scholar
  32. Whitehorne, J. W. A. (2006). Blueprint for nineteenth-century camps: Castramentation, 1778–1865. In C. R. Geier, D. G. Orr, & M. B. Reeves (Eds.), Huts and history: The historical archaeology of military encampment during the American Civil War, 28–50 (pp. 28–50). Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.Google Scholar
  33. Woods, W. D. (1947). Notes on the confederate Stockade of Florence South Carolina 1864–1865. Florence, SC: United daughters of the confederacy.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cultural Resource Analysts, Inc.KnoxvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations