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Anatomy of the Patellofemoral Joint

  • Christopher M. LaPrade
  • Matthew T. Rasmussen
  • Robert F. LaPrade
Chapter

Abstract

The patellofemoral joint is a very intricate and essential joint for the athlete, and the knowledge about the anatomy of the joint continues to progress. Numerous muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, bursa sacs, arteries, and nerves contribute to the functionality of the joint and allow athletes to perform at the highest level by establishing knee stability and preventing pain. However, patellofemoral joint pathology continues to be a common problem associated with athletics, and knowledge about the anatomy is critical in order to diagnose and treat injuries as quickly as possible so that athletes can return to competition in the shortest possible time frame. This chapter focuses on the relevant surgical anatomy for the numerous structures in the patellofemoral joint by combining a summary of the relevant and available literature, along with numerous illustrations, to provide a synopsis of current knowledge about patellofemoral knee joint anatomy.

Keywords

Patellar Tendon Biceps Femoris Patellofemoral Joint Quadriceps Tendon Medial Patellofemoral Ligament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

RF

Rectus femoris

VL

Vastus lateralis

VLO

Vastus lateralis obliquus

VM

Vastus medialis

VMO

Vastus medialis obliquus

LPFL

Lateral patellofemoral ligament

MPFL

Medial patellofemoral ligament

MPTL

Medial patellotibial ligament

LPTL

Lateral patellotibial ligament

ITB

Iliotibial band

IPB

Iliopatellar band

FCL

Fibular collateral ligament

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament

PCL

Posterior cruciate ligament

MCL

Medial collateral ligament

QT

Quadriceps tendon

PT

Patellar tendon

AMT

Adductor magnus tendon

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher M. LaPrade
    • 1
  • Matthew T. Rasmussen
    • 1
  • Robert F. LaPrade
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringSteadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail Valley Medical CenterVailUSA
  2. 2.The Steadman Clinic, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail Valley Medical CenterVailUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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