The chapter reviews the extensive literature on family violence, including both child and adult maltreatment. Areas reviewed include childhood physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; child neglect; children of violent marriages; adult heterosexual physical and sexual violence, and psychological aggression; physical and sexual violence in gay and lesbian relationships; elder abuse; and the cycle of family violence. The commonalities and complexities of family violence are analyzed, including violence across the life course, family processes of coercion and control, and understanding the ways in which gender, race, class, and sexual orientation intersect with violence in the family.


Intimate Partner Violence Sexual Abuse Intimate Partner Partner Violence Child Sexual Abuse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abney, V. D. (2002). Cultural competency in the field of child maltreatment. In J. Myers, L. Berliner, J. Briere, C. Hendrix, C. Jenny, & T. Reid (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed., pp. 477–486). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  2. Adams-Curtis, L., & Forbes, G. (2004). College women’s experiences of sexual coercion. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 5, 91–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Afifi, T. O., MacMillan, H., Cox, B. J., Asmundson, G. J. G., Stein, M. B., & Sareen, J. (2009). Mental health correlates of intimate partner violence in marital relationships in a nationally representative sample of males and females. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 1398–1417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson, K. L. (2008). Is partner violence worse in the context of control? Journal of Marriage and Family, 70, 1157–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Anderson, K. L. (2009). Gendering coercive control. Violence Against Women, 15, 1444–1457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Anderson, K. L. (2010). Conflict, power, and violence in families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 726–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Antle, B. F., Barbee, A., Sullivan, D., Yankeelov, P., Johnson, P., & Cunningham, M. R. (2007). The relationship between domestic violence and child neglect. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 7, 364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arriaga, X. B., & Foshee, V. A. (2004). Adolescent dating violence: Do adolescents follow in their friends’ or their parents’ footsteps? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 162–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Austin, S. B., Jun, H., Jackson, B., Spiegelman, D., Rich-Edwards, J., Corliss, H. L., et al. (2008). Disparities in child abuse victimization in lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women in the nurses’ health study II. Journal of Women’s Health, 17, 597–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Babcock, J. C., Jacobson, N. S., Gottman, J. M., & Yerington, T. P. (2000). Attachment, emotional regulation, and the function of marital violence: Differences between secure, preoccupied, and dismissing violent and nonviolent husbands. Journal of Family Violence, 15, 391–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Babcock, J. C., Miller, S. A., & Siard, C. (2003). Toward a typology of abusive women: Differences between partner-only and generally violent women in the use of violence. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 27, 153–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Babcock, J. C., Roseman, A., Green, C. E., & Ross, J. M. (2008). Intimate partner abuse and PTSD symptomatology: Examining mediators and moderators of the abuse-trauma link. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 809–818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Baer, J., & Martinez, C. D. (2006). Child maltreatment and insecure attachment: A meta-analysis. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 24, 187–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Balsam, K. F., Rothblum, E. D., & Beauchaine, T. P. (2005). Victimization over the life span: A comparison of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual siblings. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 477–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Balsam, K. F., & Szymanski, D. M. (2005). Relationship quality and domestic violence in women’s same-sex relationships: The role of minority stress. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29, 258–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Barnes, J. E., Noll, J. G., Putnam, F. W., & Trickett, P. K. (2009). Sexual and physical revictimization among victims of severe childhood sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 412–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Barnett, O., Miller-Perrin, C. L., & Perrin, R. T. (2005). Family violence across the lifespan: An introduction (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  18. Basile, K. C., Arias, I., Desai, S., & Thompson, M. P. (2004). The differential association of intimate partner physical, sexual, psychological, and stalking violence and posttraumatic stress symptoms in a nationally representative sample of women. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17, 413–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Beeble, M. L., Bybee, D., Sullivan, C. M., & Adams, A. E. (2009). Main, mediating, and moderating effects of social support on the well-being of survivors of intimate partner violence across 2 years. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 718–729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bennice, J. A., & Ressick, P. A. (2003). Marital rape. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 4, 228–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Bent-Goodley, T. B. (2007). Health disparities and violence against women: Why and how cultural and societal influences matter. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 8, 90–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bergen, R. K., & Bukovec, P. (2006). Men and intimate partner rape: Characteristics of men who sexually abuse their partner. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21, 1375–1384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Black, D. A., Heyman, R. E., & Slep, A. M. (2001a). Risk factors for child physical abuse. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6, 121–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Black, D. A., Heyman, R. E., & Slep, A. M. (2001b). Risk factors for child sexual abuse. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6, 203–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Black, D. A., Slep, A. M., & Heyman, R. E. (2001). Risk factors for child psychological abuse. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6, 189–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Bonner, B. L., Logue, M. B., Kaufman, K. L., & Niec, L. N. (2001). Child maltreatment. In C. E. Walker & M. C. Roberts (Eds.), Handbook of clinical child psychology (3rd ed., pp. 989–1030). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  27. Bonnie, R. J., & Wallace, R. B. (2003). Elder mistreatment: Abuse, neglect, and exploitation in an aging America. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  28. Bornstein, R. (2005). Interpersonal dependency in child abuse perpetrators and victims: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 27, 67–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Borrego, J., Timmer, S. G., Urquiza, A. J., & Follette, W. C. (2004). Physically abusive mothers’ responses following episodes of child noncompliance and compliance. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 897–903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Brassard, M. R., & Hardy, D. B. (1997). Psychological maltreatment. In M. E. Helfer, R. S. Kempe, & R. D. Krugman (Eds.), The battered child (5th ed., pp. 255–270). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  31. Briere, J., & Jordan, C. E. (2004). Violence against women: Outcome complexity and implications for assessment and treatment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 1252–1276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Bronfenbrenner, U., & Ceci, S. J. (1994). Nature-nurture reconceptualized in developmental perspective. Psychological Review, 101, 568–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Brown, C. (2008). Gender-role implications on same-sex intimate partner abuse. Journal of Family Violence, 23, 457–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Brown, L. M., Chesney-Lind, M., & Stein, N. (2007). Patriarchy matters: Toward a gendered theory of teen violence and victimization. Violence Against Women, 13, 1249–1273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Brownell, P., Berman, J., Nelson, A., & Fofana, R. C. (2005). Grandparents raising grandchildren: The risks of caregiving. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 15, 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Caldwell, J. E., Swan, S. C., Allen, C. T., Sullivan, T. P., & Snow, D. L. (2009). Why I hit him: Women’s reasons for intimate partner violence. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 18, 672–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Campbell, R., Dworkin, E., & Cabral, G. (2009). An ecological model of the impact of sexual assault on women’s mental health. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 10, 225–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Capaldi, D. M., & Clark, S. (1998). Prospective family predictors of aggression toward female partners for at-risk young men. Developmental Psychology, 34, 1175–1188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Carlson, B. E., Worden, A. P., van Ryn, M., & Bachman, R. (2003). Violence against women: Synthesis of research for practitioners. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar
  41. Carter, V., & Myers, M. R. (2007). Exploring the risks of substantiated physical neglect related to poverty and parental characteristics: A national sample. Children and Youth Services Review, 29, 110–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Casanueva, C., Martin, S. L., & Runyan, D. K. (2009). Repeated reports for child maltreatment among intimate partner violence victims: Findings from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 84–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Casey, E. A., Beadnell, B., & Lindhorst, T. P. (2009). Predictors of sexually coercive behavior in a nationally representative sample of adolescent males. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 1129–1147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Causby, V., Lockhart, L., White, B., & Greene, K. (1995). Fusion and conflict resolution in lesbian relationships. In C. T. Tully (Ed.), Lesbian social services: Research issues (pp. 67–82). New York: Harrington Park Press.Google Scholar
  45. Chambers, R. M., & Potter, C. C. (2009). Family needs in child neglect cases: A cluster analysis. Families in Society, 90, 18–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Christopher, F. S. (2001). To dance the dance: A symbolic interactional exploration of premarital sexuality. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  47. Christopher, F. S., & Pflieger, J. C. (2007). Sexual aggression: The dark side of sexuality in relationships. Annual Review of Sex Research, 18, 115–142.Google Scholar
  48. Cicchetti, D., & Lynch, M. (1993). Toward an ecological/transactional model of community violence and child maltreatment: Consequences for children’s development. Psychiatry, 56, 96–118.Google Scholar
  49. Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. L. (2005). Child maltreatment. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 1, 409–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Classen, C. C., Palesh, O. G., & Aggarwal, R. (2005). Sexual revictimization: A review of the empirical literature. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 6, 103–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Clements, K., & Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (2009). Participation in laboratory research result in emotional distress with one’s partner: Comparing violent and nonviolent couples. Journal of Family Violence, 24, 283–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Clements, K., Holtzworth-Munroe, A., Schweinle, W., & Ickes, W. (2007). Empathic accuracy of intimate partners in violent versus nonviolent relationships. Personal Relationships, 14, 369–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Cleveland, H. H., Herrera, V. M., & Stuewig, J. (2003). Abusive males and abused females in adolescent relationships: Risk factor similarity and dissimilarity and the role of relationship seriousness. Journal of Family Violence, 18, 325–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Coan, J., Gottman, J. M., Babcock, J., & Jacobson, N. (1997). Battering and the male rejection of influence from women. Aggressive Behavior, 23, 375–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Coker, A. L., Davis, K. E., Arias, I., Desai, S., Sanderson, M., Brandt, H. M., et al. (2002). Physical and mental health effects of intimate partner violence for men and women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 23, 260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Colman, R. A., & Widom, C. S. (2004). Childhood abuse and neglect and adult intimate relationships: A prospective study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 1133–1151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Connell-Carrick, K. (2003). A critical review of the empirical literature: Identifying correlates of child neglect. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20, 389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Cook, P. (2009). Abused men. Westport, CT: Praegger.Google Scholar
  59. Cooper, C., Selwood, A., & Livingston, G. (2008). The prevalence of elder abuse and neglect: A systematic review. Age and Ageing, 37, 151–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Cordova, J. V., Jacobson, N. S., Gottman, J. M., Rushe, R., & Cox, G. (1993). Negative reciprocity and communication in couples with a violent husband. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 558–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Coulton, C. J., Crampton, D. S., Irwin, M., Spilsbury, J. C., & Korbin, J. E. (2007). How neighborhoods influence child maltreatment: A review of the literature and alternative pathways. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31, 1117–1142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Covell, C., Huss, M., & Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J. (2007). Empathic deficits among male batterers: A multidimensional approach. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 165–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Craft, S. M., & Serovich, J. M. (2005). Family-of-origin factors and partner violence in the intimate relationships of gay men who are HIV positive. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 777–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Craft, S. M., Serovich, J. M., McKenry, P. C., & Lim, J. (2008). Stress, attachment style, and partner violence among same-sex couples. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 4, 57–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Crawford, E., & Wright, M. O. (2007). The impact of childhood psychological maltreatment on interpersonal schemas and subsequent experiences of relationship aggression. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 7, 93–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Daigneault, I., Hebert, M., & McDuff, P. (2009). Men’s and women’s childhood sexual abuse and victimization in adult partner relationships: A study of risk factors. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 638–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Daniel, B. M., & Taylor, J. (2006). Gender and child neglect: Theory, research and policy. Critical Social Policy, 26, 426–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Dankowski, M. E., Keiley, M. K., Thomas, T., Choice, P., Lloyd, S. A., & Seery, B. L. (2006). Affect regulation and the cycle of violence: New directions for understanding the process. Journal of Family Violence, 21, 327–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Daro, D., & Dodge, D. A. (2009). Creating community responsibility for child protection: Possibilities and challenges. The Future of Children, 19, 67–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Desmarais, S. L., & Reeves, K. A. (2007). Gray, black, and blue: The state of research and intervention for intimate partner abuse among elders. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 25, 377–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. DiLillo, D., & Damashek, A. (2003). Parenting characteristics of women reporting a history of childhood sexual abuse. Child Maltreatment, 8, 319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Dixon, L., Hamilton-Giachritsis, C., Browne, K., & Ostapuik, E. (2007). The co-occurrence of child and intimate partner maltreatment in the family: Characteristics of the violent perpetrators. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 675–689.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Dobash, R. E., & Dobash, R. (1979). Violence against wives: A case against the patriarchy. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  74. Eaton, D. K., Kann, L., Kinchen, S., Shanklin, S., Ross, J., Hawkins, J., et al. (2008). Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 2007. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 57(4), 1–130.Google Scholar
  75. Edleson, J. L., Daro, D., & Pinderhughes, H. (2004). Finding a common agenda for preventing child maltreatment, youth violence, and domestic violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 279–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Egeland, B., Jacobvitz, D., & Sroufe, L. A. (1988). Breaking the cycle of abuse. Child Development, 59, 1080–1088.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Egeland, B., Yates, T., Appleyard, K., & van Dulmen, M. (2002). The long-term consequences of maltreatment in the early years: A developmental pathway model to antisocial behavior. Children’s Services: Social Policy, Research, and Practice, 5, 249–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Ehrensaft, M. K., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (2004). Clinically abusive relationships in an unselected birth cohort. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 113, 258–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Elliott, D. M., Mok, D. S., & Briere, J. (2004). Adult sexual assault: Prevalence, symptomatology, and sex differences in the general population. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17, 203–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Fagan, A. A. (2005). The relationship between adolescent physical abuse and criminal offending: Support for an enduring and generalized cycle of violence. Journal of Family Violence, 20, 279–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Fargo, J. D. (2009). Pathways to adult sexual revictimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 1771–1791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Fedorowicz, A. E., Brown, C. A., Warren, M., & Kerig, P. K. (2000). Assessment and intervention for PTSD in children exposed to violence. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 3, 161–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Fergusson, D. M., Boden, J. M., & Horwood, L. J. (2008). Exposure to childhood sexual and physical abuse and adjustment in early adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 607–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Finkelhor, D. (1994). Current information on the scope and nature of child sexual abuse. The Future of Children, 4, 31–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Finkelhor, D., & Jones, L. (2006). Why have child maltreatment and child victimization declined? Journal of Social Issues, 62, 685–716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., & Turner, H. A. (2009). The developmental epidemiology of childhood victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 711–731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Fisher, B. S., Daigle, L. E., Cullen, F. T., & Turner, M. G. (2003). Acknowledging sexual victimization as rape: Results from a national-level study. Justice Quarterly, 20, 535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Follingstad, D. R. (2007). Rethinking current approaches to psychological abuse: Conceptual and methodological issues. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12, 439–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Follingstad, D. R. (2009). The impact of psychological aggression on women’s mental health and behavior. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 10, 271–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Fortier, M. A., DiLillo, D., Messman-Moore, T. L., Peugh, J., DeNardi, K. A., & Gaffey, K. J. (2009). Severity of child sexual abuse and revictimization: The mediating role of coping and trauma symptoms. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33, 308–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Foshee, V. A., Benefield, T. S., Ennett, S. T., Bauman, K. E., & Suchindran, C. (2004). Longitudinal predictors of serious physical and sexual dating violence victimization during adolescence. Preventive Medicine, 39, 1007–1016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Freisthler, B., Merritt, D. H., & LaScala, E. A. (2006). Understanding the ecology of child maltreatment: A review of the literature and directions for future research. Child Maltreatment, 11, 263–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Frieze, I. H. (2008). Social policy, feminism, and research on violence in close relationships. Journal of Social Issues, 64, 665–684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Gelles, R. J., & Cornell, C. P. (1990). Intimate violence in families. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  95. Girshick, L. B. (2002). No sugar, no spice. Violence Against Women, 8, 1500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Gonzalez-Mendez, R., & Hernandez-Cabrera, J. A. (2009). Play context, commitment, and dating violence: A structural equation model. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 1518–1535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Hamby, S. L. (2005). Measuring gender differences in partner violence: Implications from research on other forms of violent and socially undesirable behavior. Sex Roles, 52, 725–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Hattery, A. (2009). Intimate partner violence. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  99. Haugaard, J. J. (2000). The challenge of defining child sexual abuse. American Psychologist, 55, 1036–1039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Hazen, A. L., & Soriano, F. I. (2007). Experiences with intimate partner violence among Latina women. Violence Against Women, 13, 562–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Hedtke, K. A., Ruggiero, K. J., Fitzgerald, M. M., Zinzow, H. M., Saunders, B. E., Resnick, H. S., et al. (2008). A longitudinal investigation of interpersonal violence in relation to mental health and substance use. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 633–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Heidt, J. M., Marx, B. P., & Gold, S. D. (2005). Sexual revictimization among sexual minorities: A preliminary study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18, 533–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Heise, L. L., & Garcia-Moreno, C. (2002). Violence by intimate partners. In E. G. Krug, L. L. Dahlberg, J. A. Mercy, A. B. Zwi, & R. Lozano (Eds.), World health report on violence and health (pp. 149–181). Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  104. Helfer, R. E., & Kempe, C. H. (1968). The battered child. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  105. Hellmuth, J. C., & McNulty, J. K. (2008). Neuroticism, marital violence, and the moderating role of stress and behavioral skills. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 166–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Herrenkohl, T. I., Huang, B., Tajima, E. A., & Whitney, S. D. (2003). Examining the link between child abuse and youth violence: An analysis of mediating mechanisms. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 1189–1208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Hettrich, E. L., & O’Leary, K. D. (2007). Females’ reasons for their physical aggression in dating relationships. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22, 1131–1143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Hickman, L. J., Jaycox, L. H., & Aronoff, J. (2004). Dating violence among adolescents: Prevalence, gender distribution, and prevention program effectiveness. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 5, 123–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Hildyard, K., & Wolfe, D. (2007). Cognitive processes associated with child neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31, 895–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of the literature. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 797–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (2005). Male versus female intimate partner violence: Putting controversial findings into context. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 1120–1125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Holtzworth-Munroe, A., & Stuart, G. L. (1994). Typologies of male batterers: Three subtypes and the differences among them. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 476–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Horwitz, A. V., Widom, C. S., McLaughlin, J., & White, H. R. (2001). The impact of childhood abuse and neglect on later mental health: A prospective study. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 42, 184–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Hunter, S. V. (2006). Understanding the complexity of child sexual abuse: A review of the literature with implications for family counseling. The Family Journal, 14, 349–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Impett, E. A., & Peplau, L. A. (2003). Sexual compliance: Gender, motivational, and relationship perspectives. Journal of Sex Research, 40, 87–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Iwaniec, D., Larkin, E., & Higgins, S. (2006). Research review: Risk and resilience in cases of emotional abuse. Child and Family Social Work, 11, 73–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Iwaniec, D., Larkin, E., & McSherry, D. (2007). Emotionally harmful parenting. Child Care in Practice, 13, 203–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Jacobson, N. S., Gottman, J. M., Waltz, J., Rushe, R., Babcock, J., & Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (1994). Affect, verbal content, and psychophysiology in the arguments of couples with a violent husband. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 982–988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Jasinski, J. L. (2004). Pregnancy and domestic violence. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 5, 47–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Jasinski, J. L., & Dietz, T. L. (2004). Domestic violence and stalking among older adults: An assessment of risk markers. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 15, 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Johnson, M. P. (2008). A typology of domestic violence: Intimate terrorism, violent resistance, and situational couple violence. Boston: Northeastern University Press.Google Scholar
  122. Jones, L., & Finkelhor, D. (2009). Updated trends in child maltreatment, 2007. Durham, NH: Crimes Against Children Research Center.Google Scholar
  123. Jordan, C. E. (2009). Advancing the study of violence against women. Violence Against Women, 15, 393–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Kasturirangan, A., Krishnan, S., & Riger, S. (2004). The impact of culture and minority status on women’s experience of domestic violence. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 5, 318–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Kaufman, J., & Zigler, E. (1987). Do abused children become abusive parents? The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57, 186–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Kelly, V. A. (2004). Psychological abuse of women: A review of the literature. The Family Journal, 12, 383–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Kerig, P. K. (2003). In search of protective processes for children exposed to interparental violence. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 3, 149–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Kilpatrick, D. G. (2004). What is violence against women: Defining and measuring the problem. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 1209–1234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Kirkwood, C. (1993). Leaving abusive partners. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  130. Kitzmann, K. M., Gaylord, N. K., Holt, A. R., & Kenny, E. D. (2003). Child witnesses to domestic violence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 339–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Klevens, J. (2007). An overview of intimate partner violence among Latinos. Violence Against Women, 13, 111–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Koenen, K. C., & Widom, C. S. (2009). A prospective study of sex differences in the lifetime risk of posttraumatic stress disorder among abused and neglected children grown up. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22, 566–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Kolko, D. J. (2002). Child physical abuse. In J. E. B. Myers (Ed.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed., pp. 21–55). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  134. Krienert, J. L., Walsh, J. A., & Turner, M. (2009). Elderly in America: A descriptive study of elder abuse examining National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data, 2000–2005. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 21, 325–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Kulkin, H. S., Williams, J., Borne, H. F., de la Bretonne, D., & Laurendine, J. (2007). A review of research on violence in same-gender couples: A resource for clinicians. Journal of Homosexuality, 53, 71–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Lachs, M. S., & Pillemer, K. (2004). Elder abuse. The Lancet, 364, 1263–1272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Lafontaine, M., & Lussier, Y. (2005). Does anger towards the partner mediate and moderate the link between romantic attachment and intimate violence? Journal of Family Violence, 20, 349–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Lee, Y., & Hadeed, L. (2009). Intimate partner violence among Asian immigrant communities. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 10, 143–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Littell, J., & Schuerman, J. (2002). What works for whom? A closer look at intensive family preservation services. Children and Youth Services Review, 24, 673–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Lloyd, S. A., & Emery, B. C. (2000a). The context and dynamics of intimate violence against women. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 17, 513–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Lloyd, S. A., & Emery, B. C. (2000b). The darkside of courtship: Physical and sexual aggression. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  142. Lloyd, S. A., Emery, B. C., & Klatt, S. (2009). Discovering women’s agency in response to intimate partner violence. In S. A. Lloyd, A. L. Few, & K. A. Allen (Eds.), Handbook of feminist family studies (pp. 264–278). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Lundy, M., & Grossman, S. F. (2005). Elder abuse: Spouse/intimate partner abuse and family violence among elders. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 16, 85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Maas, C., Herrenkohl, T. I., & Sousa, C. (2008). Review of research on child maltreatment and violence in youth. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 9, 56–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Malley-Morrison, K., & Hines, D. A. (2007). Attending to the role of race/ethnicity in family violence research. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22, 943–972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Margolin, G., & Gordis, E. B. (2000). The effects of family and community violence on children. Annual Review of Psychology, 51, 445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Margolin, G., Gordis, E. B., Medina, A. M., & Oliver, P. H. (2003). The co-occurrence of husband-to-wife aggression, family-of-origin aggression, and child abuse potential in a community sample: Implications for parenting. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 413–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Margolin, G., & Vickerman, K. A. (2007). Posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents exposed to family violence: I. Overview and issues. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38, 613–619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Marshall, A. D., & Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (2002). Varying forms of husband sexual aggression: Predictors and subgroup differences. Journal of Family Psychology, 16, 286–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Martin, E. K., Taft, C. T., & Resick, P. A. (2007). A review of marital rape. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12, 329–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. McClennen, J. C. (2005). Domestic violence between same-gender partners: Recent findings and future research. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 149–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. McDonald, R., Jouriles, E. N., Ramisetty-Mikier, S., Caetano, R., & Green, C. E. (2006). Estimating the number of American children living in partner-violent families. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 137–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. McDonald, R., Jouriles, E. N., Tart, C. D., & Minze, L. C. (2009). Children’s adjustment problems in families characterized by men’s severe violence toward women: Does other family violence matter? Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 94–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Messman-Moore, T. L., Ward, R. M., & Brown, A. L. (2009). Substance use and PTSD symptoms impact the likelihood of rape and revictimization in college women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 499–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Muehlenhard, C. L., & Peterson, Z. D. (2005). Wanting and not wanting sex: The missing discourse of ambivalence. Feminism and Psychology, 15, 15–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Murnen, S., & Kohlman, M. (2007). Athletic participation, fraternity membership, and sexual aggression among college men: A meta-analytic review. Sex Roles, 57, 145–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Murray, C. E., Mobley, K. A., Buford, A. P., & Seaman-DeJohn, M. M. (2006). Same-sex intimate partner violence: Dynamics, social context, and counseling implications. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 1, 7–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. National Center on Elder Abuse. (1998). The national elder abuse incidence study, final report, September 1998. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved February 15, 2011, from
  159. Noll, J. G. (2005). Does childhood sexual abuse set in motion a cycle of violence against women? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 455–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Norlander, B., & Eckhardt, C. (2005). Anger, hostility, and male perpetrators of intimate partner violence: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 25, 119–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. O’Hearn, H. G., & Margolin, G. (2000). Men’s attitudes condoning marital aggression: A moderator between family of origin abuse and aggression against female partners. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 24, 159–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. O’Leary, S. G., & Slep, A. M. S. (2003). A dyadic longitudinal model of adolescent dating aggression. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 314–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. O’Leary, S. G., & Slep, A. M. S. (2006). Precipitants of partner aggression. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 344–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. O’Neill, M. L., & Kerig, P. K. (2000). Attributions of self-blame and perceived control as moderators of adjustment in battered women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15, 1036–1049.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Olson, L., Fine, M., & Lloyd, S. A. (2005). A dialectical approach to theorizing about violence between intimates. In V. Bengston, A. Acock, K. Allen, P. Dilworth-Anderson, & D. Klein (Eds.), Sourcebook of family theory and research (pp. 315–331). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  166. Olson, L. N., & Lloyd, S. A. (2005). “It depends on what you mean by starting:” An exploration of how women define initiation of aggression and their motives for behaving aggressively. Sex Roles, 53, 603–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Osofsky, J. D. (1999). The impact of violence on children. The Future of Children, 9, 33–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Osofsky, J. D. (2003). Prevalence of children’s exposure to domestic violence and child maltreatment: Implications for prevention and intervention. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6, 161–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Oswald, R., Kuvalanka, K., Blume, L., & Berkowitz, D. (2009). Queering the family. In S. A. Lloyd, A. L. Few, & K. Allen (Eds.), Handbook of feminist family studies (pp. 43–55). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Outlaw, M. (2009). No one type of intimate partner abuse: Exploring physical and non-physical abuse among intimate partners. Journal of Family Violence, 24, 263–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Patterson, G. R. (1982). Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia.Google Scholar
  172. Penhale, B. (2003). Older women, domestic violence, and elder abuse: A review of commonalities, differences, and shared approaches. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 15, 163–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Peterson, Z. D., & Muehlenhard, C. L. (2007). Conceptualizing the “wantedness” of women’s consensual and nonconsensual sexual experiences: Implications for how women label their experiences with rape. Journal of Sex Research, 44, 72–88.Google Scholar
  174. Phiri-Alleman, W., & Alleman, J. B. (2008). Sexual violence in relationships: Implications for multicultural counseling. The Family Journal, 16, 155–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Pimlott-Kubiak, S., & Cortina, L. M. (2003). Gender, victimization, and outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 528–539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Prentky, R. A. (2004). Can sex offender classification inform typologies of male batterers? A response to Holtzworth-Munroe and Meehan. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 1405–1411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Prospero, M. (2009). Sex-symmetric effects of coercive behaviors on mental health? Not exactly. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 128–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Reed, E., Raj, A., Miller, E., & Silverman, J. G. (2010). Losing the “gender” in gender-based violence: The missteps of research on dating and intimate partner violence. Violence Against Women, 16, 348–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Reed, T. J., Goldstein, S. E., Morris, A. S., & Keyes, A. W. (2008). Relational aggression in mothers and children: Links with psychological control and child adjustment. Sex Roles, 59, 39–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Reeves, K. A., Desmarais, S. L., Nicholls, T. L., & Douglas, K. S. (2007). Intimate partner abuse of older men: Considerations for the assessment of risk. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 19, 7–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Riggs, S. A., & Kaminski, P. (2010). Childhood emotional abuse, adult attachment, and depression as predictors of relational adjustment and psychological aggression. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 19, 75–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Rikhye, K., Tyrka, A. R., Kelly, M. M., Gagne, G. G., Mello, A. F., Mello, M. F., et al. (2008). Interplay between childhood maltreatment, parental bonding, and gender effects: Impact on quality of life. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 19–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Ristock, J. L. (2003). Exploring dynamics of abusive lesbian relationships: Preliminary analysis of a multisite, qualitative study. American Journal of Community Psychology, 31, 329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Rodríguez, M., Valentine, J. M., Son, J. B., & Muhammad, M. (2009). Intimate partner violence and barriers to mental health care for ethnically diverse populations of women. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 10, 358–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Rosenbaum, A., & Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J. (2006). Meta-research on violence and victims: The impact of data collection methods on findings and participants. Violence and Victims, 21, 404–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Rosenthal, R., & DiMatteo, M. R. (2001). Meta-analysis: Recent developments in quantitative methods for literature reviews. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 59–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Ryan, K. M. (2004). Further evidence for a cognitive component of rape. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9, 579–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Samuelson, K. W., & Cashman, C. (2008). Effects of intimate partner violence and maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms on children’s emotional and behavioral functioning. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 8, 139–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Saunders, D. G. (2002). Are physical assaults by wives and girlfriends a major social problem? A review of the literature. Violence Against Women, 8, 1424–1448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Schafer, J., Caetano, R., & Cunradi, C. B. (2004). A path model of risk factors for intimate partner violence among couples in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 127–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Schumacher, J. A., Slep, A. M. S., & Heyman, R. E. (2001). Risk factors for child neglect. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6, 231–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Schumm, J. A., Stines, L. R., Hobfoll, S. E., & Jackson, A. P. (2005). The double-barreled burden of child abuse and current stressful circumstances on adult women: The kindling effect of early traumatic experience. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 18, 467–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Schwartz, J. P., Hage, S. M., Bush, I., & Burns, L. K. (2006). Unhealthy parenting and potential mediators as contributing factors to future intimate violence: A review of the literature. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 7, 206–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Sedlak, A. J. (1997). Risk factors for the occurrence of child abuse and neglect. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 1, 149–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Sedlak, A. J. (2001). A history of the national incidence study of child abuse and neglect. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  196. Sedlak, A. J., & Broadhurst, D. D. (1996). Third national incidence study of child abuse and neglect. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.Google Scholar
  197. Seff, L. R., Beaulaurier, R. L., & Newman, F. L. (2008). Nonphysical abuse: Findings in domestic violence against older women study. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 8, 355–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Shaffer, A., Yates, T. M., & Egeland, B. R. (2009). The relation of emotional maltreatment to early adolescent competence: Developmental processes in a prospective study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 36–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Slep, A. M. S., & O’Leary, S. G. (2001). Examining partner and child abuse: Are we ready for a more integrated approach to family violence? Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 4, 87–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Sokoloff, N. J., & Dupont, I. (2005). Domestic violence at the intersections of race, class, and gender: Challenges and contributions to understanding violence against marginalized women in diverse communities. Violence Against Women, 11, 38–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Stark, E. (2007). Coercive control. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  202. Stith, S., Green, N., Smith, D., & Ward, D. (2008). Marital satisfaction and marital discord as risk markers for intimate partner violence: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Family Violence, 23, 149–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Stith, S. M., Liu, T., Davies, L. C., Boykin, E. L., Alder, M. C., Harris, J. M., et al. (2009). Risk factors in child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 14, 13–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Stith, S. M., Smith, D. B., Penn, C. E., Ward, D. B., & Tritt, D. (2004). Intimate partner physical abuse perpetration and victimization risk factors: A meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 65–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Straka, S. M., & Montminy, L. (2006). Responding to the needs of older women experiencing domestic violence. Violence Against Women, 12, 251–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Straus, M. A. (2008). Bucking the tide in family violence research. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 9, 191–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Straus, M. A., & Gelles, R. J. (1990). Physical violence in American families. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Press.Google Scholar
  208. Straus, M. A., Gelles, R. J., & Steinmetz, S. K. (1979). Behind closed doors: Violence in the American family. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday.Google Scholar
  209. Strike, C., Myers, T., Calzavara, L., & Haubrich, D. (2001). Sexual coercion among young street-involved adults: Perpetrators’ and victims’ perspectives. Violence and Victims, 16, 537–551.Google Scholar
  210. Struckman-Johnson, C., Struckman-Johnson, D., & Anderson, P. B. (2003). Tactics of sexual coercion: When men and women won’t take no for an answer. Journal of Sex Research, 40, 76–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Sullivan, M. W., Bennett, D. S., Carpenter, K., & Lewis, M. (2008). Emotion knowledge in young neglected children. Child Maltreatment, 13, 301–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Swan, S. C., & Snow, D. L. (2006). The development of a theory of women’s use of violence in intimate relationships. Violence Against Women, 12, 1026–1045.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Taft, C. T., Bryant-Davis, T., Woodward, H. E., Tillman, S., & Torres, S. E. (2009). Intimate partner violence against African American women: An examination of the socio-cultural context. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 14, 50–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. Taylor, C. A., Guterman, N. B., Lee, S. J., & Rathouz, P. J. (2009). Intimate partner violence, maternal stress, nativity, and risk for maternal maltreatment of young children. American Journal of Public Health, 99, 175–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. Temcheff, C., Serbin, L., Martin-Storey, A., Stack, D., Hodgins, S., Ledingham, J., et al. (2008). Continuity and pathways from aggression in childhood to family violence in adulthood: A 30-year longitudinal study. Journal of Family Violence, 23, 231–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. Testa, M. (2004). The role of substance use in male-to-female physical and sexual violence: A brief review and recommendations for future research. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 1494–1505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. Tewksbury, R. (2007). Effects of sexual assaults on men: Physical, mental and sexual consequences. International Journal of Men’s Health, 6, 22–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2000a). Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey (NCJ 183781). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2000b). Prevalence and consequences of male-to-female and female-to-male intimate partner violence as measured by the National Violence Against Women Survey. Violence Against Women, 6, 142–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2006). Extent, nature, and consequences of rape victimization: Findings from the national violence against women survey. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar
  221. Tjaden, P., Thoennes, N., & Allison, C. J. (1999). Comparing violence over the life span in samples of same-sex and opposite-sex cohabitants. Violence and Victims, 14, 413–425.Google Scholar
  222. Tolan, P., Gorman-Smith, D., & Henry, D. (2006). Family violence. Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 557–583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Child maltreatment 2008. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  224. Vega, V., & Malamuth, N. M. (2007). Predicting sexual aggression: The role of pornography in the context of general and specific risk factors. Aggressive Behavior, 33, 104–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. Vezina, J., & Hebert, M. (2007). Risk factors for victimization in romantic relationships of young women: A review of empirical studies and implications for prevention. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 8, 33–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. Vives-Cases, C., Gil-Gonzalez, D., & Carrasco-Portino, M. (2009). Verbal marital conflict and male domination in the family as risk factors of intimate partner violence. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 10, 171–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. Watlington, C. G., & Murphy, C. M. (2006). The roles of religion and spirituality among African American survivors of domestic violence. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 837–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Weaver, H. N. (2009). The colonial context of violence: Reflections on violence in the lives of Native American women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 1552–1563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. Webb, M., Heisler, D., Call, S., Chickering, S. A., & Colburn, T. A. (2007). Shame, guilt, symptoms of depression, and reported history of psychological maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31, 1143–1153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Wekerle, C., & Wolfe, D. (2003). Child maltreatment. In E. J. Mash & R. A. Barkley (Eds.), Child psychopathology (2nd ed., pp. 632–684). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  231. West, C. M. (2004). Black women and intimate partner violence: New directions for research. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 1487–1493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Weston, R. (2008). Insecure attachment mediates effects of partners’ emotional abuse and violence on women’s relationship quality. Journal of Family Violence, 23, 483–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. Whitaker, D. J., Le, B., Karl Hanson, R., Baker, C. K., McMahon, P. M., Ryan, G., et al. (2008). Risk factors for the perpetration of child sexual abuse: A review and meta-analysis. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 529–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. White, H. R., & Widom, C. S. (2003). Intimate partner violence among abused and neglected children in young adulthood: The mediating effects of early aggression, antisocial personality, hostility and alcohol problems. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 332–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. White, H. R., & Widom, C. S. (2008). Three potential mediators of the effects of child abuse and neglect on adulthood substance use among women. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69, 337–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. White, J. W. (2009). A gendered approach to adolescent dating violence: Conceptual and methodological issues. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. White, J. W., McMullin, D., Swartout, K., Sechrist, S., & Gollehon, A. (2008). Violence in intimate relationships: A conceptual and empirical examination of sexual and physical aggression. Children and Youth Services Review, 30, 338–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. Widom, C. S. (1989). Does violence beget violence? A critical examination of the literature. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 3–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. Widom, C. S. (1999). Posttraumatic stress disorder in abused and neglected children grown up. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1223–1229.Google Scholar
  240. Widom, C. S., Czaja, S. J., & Dutton, M. A. (2008). Childhood victimization and lifetime revictimization. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 785–796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. Widom, C. S., Raphael, K. G., & DuMont, K. A. (2004). The case for prospective longitudinal studies in child maltreatment research: Commentary on Dube, Williamson, Thompson, Felitti, and Anda (2004). Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 715–722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. Williams, L. M. (2003). Understanding child abuse and violence against women: A life course perspective. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 441–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. Williams, S. L., & Frieze, I. H. (2005). Patterns of violent relationships, psychological distress, and marital satisfaction in a national sample of men and women. Sex Roles, 52, 771–784.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. Wilson, S. R., Rack, J. J., Shi, X., & Norris, A. M. (2008). Comparing physically abusive, neglectful, and non-maltreating parents during interactions with their children: A meta-analysis of observational studies. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 897–911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. Winstok, Z., & Perkis, E. (2009). Women’s perspective on men’s control and aggression in intimate relationships. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 79, 169–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. Wolf, K. A., & Foshee, V. A. (2003). Family violence, anger expression styles, and adolescent dating violence. Journal of Family Violence, 18, 309–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. Wolfe, D. A., Crooks, C. V., Lee, V., McIntyre-Smith, A., & Jaffe, P. G. (2003). The effects of children’s exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis and critique. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6, 171–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. Woods, L., & Porter, L. (2008). Examining the relationship between sexual offenders and their victims: Interpersonal differences between stranger and non-stranger sexual offences. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 14, 61–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. Worcester, N. (2002). Women’s use of force: Complexities and challenges of taking the issue seriously. Violence Against Women, 8, 1390–1415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. Wright, M. O. (2007). The long-term impact of emotional abuse in childhood: Identifying mediating and moderating processes. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 7, 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. Wright, M. O., Crawford, E., & Del Castillo, D. (2009). Childhood emotional maltreatment and later psychological distress among college students: The mediating role of maladaptive schemas. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 59–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. Yates, T. M. (2007). The developmental consequences of child emotional abuse. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 7, 9–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. Yates, T. M., & Wekerle, C. (2009). The long-term consequences of childhood emotional maltreatment on development: (Mal)adaptation in adolescence and young adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 19–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. Zielinski, D. S. (2009). Child maltreatment and adult socioeconomic well-being. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 666–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  255. Zink, T., & Fisher, B. S. (2007). The prevalence and incidence of intimate partner and interpersonal mistreatment in older women in primary care offices. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 18, 83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York  2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Educational Leadership and Women’s StudiesMiami UniversityOxfordUSA

Personalised recommendations