Theory of Gyroscopes

  • Jan Awrejcewicz
  • Zbigniew Koruba
Part of the Advances in Mechanics and Mathematics book series (AMMA, volume 30)


In this chapter, first a historical outline of the theory of gyroscopes is given. Elements of gyroscope classification are introduced, and then the evolution of the gyroscope concept is presented. In particular, the following gyroscope-type devices are considered: the directional gyroscope, the gyroscopic vertical, the stabilized gyroscopic platform, the laser gyroscope, the fiber-optic gyroscope, the piezoelectric gyroscope, the fork gyroscope, and the microgyroscope with a spinning disk and with a vibrating ring. Examples of devices for gyroscopic navigation and an observation device with a built-in gyroscope are provided. Finally, new challenges for gyroscopes are briefly summarized.


Angular Velocity Coriolis Force Levitation Force Optical Gyroscope Turn Indicator 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Awrejcewicz
    • 1
  • Zbigniew Koruba
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Automation and BiomechanicsŁódź University of TechnologyŁódźPoland
  2. 2.Department of Computer-based Technologies and Armament EngineeringKielce University of TechnologyKielcePoland

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