The Role of International Organizations on Collaboration for Global Pediatric Cancer Control
The treatment of childhood cancer is an oncology success story—survival rates have increased dramatically from 25 % for those treated in the 1960s to 80 % for those treated during the current millennium. The big remaining problem is the issue of equity of access to diagnosis, treatment, and care of children with cancer around the globe. The 5-year relative survival rates, a usual comparative measure, while at 80–90 % depending on the cancer in question in high-income settings plummet to 10–20 % in some low- and middle-income countries, with many children dying without being diagnosed at all. This disparity cannot be permitted to continue. Urgent action at global level with a high level of international collaboration is key to uniting nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), international governmental organizations, cancer health care organizations, cooperative research organizations, and patient and family organizations in a concerted effort for true impact. There are lessons to be learned from current collaborative efforts to address childhood cancer and similar initiatives in child and adolescent health. A well-orchestrated global health partnership, with each of the partners having a defined role, has the potential to harness the expertise and proven tools we have now to close the divide in access to diagnosis, treatment, and care to make a significant contribution to the fight against pediatric cancer.
KeywordsEurope Tuberculosis Harness Cote Congo
- 1.Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM. GLOBOCAN 2008, cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 10 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2010. Available from: http://globocan.iarc.fr.
- 2.Ribeiro RC, Steliarova-Foucher E, Magrath I, Lemerle J, Eden T, Forget C, Mortara I, Tabah-Fisch I, Divino JJ, Miklavec T, Howard S, Cavalli F. Baseline status of paediatric oncology care in ten low-income or mid-income countries receiving My Child Matters support: a descriptive study. Lancet Oncol. 2008;9(8):721–9. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(08)70194-3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 3.Working toward transformational health partnerships in low and middle income countries. [Internet]; September 2012 [cited 2013 March 24]. Available from: www.bsr.org/reports/BR_Working_Toward_Transformational_Health_Partnerships.pdf.
- 4.History of the national Wilms tumor study. [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 24]. Available from: www.nwtsg.org/about/history.html.
- 5.World cancer declaration [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.uicc.org/world-cancer-declaration
- 6.Non-communicable disease alliance [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: www.ncdalliance.org.
- 7.WHO report: draft action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013–2020. Executive Board 132nd session. EB132/7; 11 Jan 2013.Google Scholar
- 8.Updated revised draft. Global Action Plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013–2020. [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 24]. Available from: www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/15March2013UpdatedRevisedDraftActionPlan.pdf.
- 9.Childhood Cancer (ChiCa) [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.uicc.org/programmes/chica/issue.
- 10.My Child Matters: fighting chilhood cancers in developing countries. [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.fondation-sanofi-espoir.com/en/ngo_child-matters.php.
- 11.Adams C, Boniface C, Ribeiro R. My Child Matters: fighting against childhood cancer in low and middle-income countries. Geneva Health Forum at 18–20 April, 2012 [Internet]; [updated 2012 March 27; cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.ghf12.org/?p=5619.
- 12.Ribeiro RC, Eden T, Hartford J, Lemerle J, Magrath I, Sancho-Garnier H, Steliarova-Foucher E, Thaxter G, Tabah-Fisch IM, Cavalli F. My child matters program: a UICC-sanofi-aventis partnership to improve pediatric cancer care in developing countries. J Clin Oncol. 2007 ASCO Annual Meeting Proceedings; 2007;25(18S):9526.Google Scholar
- 13.International Society of Pedaitric Oncology [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.siop-online.org.
- 14.Guide to establishing a Pediatric Oncology Twinning Program [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.stjude.org/stjude/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=3443ab6717440210VgnVCM1000001e0215acRCRD%26vgnextchannel=3332ab6717440210VgnVCM1000001e0215acRCRD.
- 15.International Confederation of Childhood Cancer Parent Organizations [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://icccpo.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=category%26category=29%26subcategory=30.
- 16.International network for cancer treatment and research [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.inctr.org/about-inctr/.
- 17.Groupe Franco-Africain d’Oncologie Pediatrique (GFAOP). [Internet]; 2013 [cited 2013 March 03]. Available from: http://www.gfaop.fr/.
- 18.Howard S, Marinoni M, Castillo L, Meeting Report. Improving outcomes for children with cancer in low-income countries in Latin America: a report on the recent meetings of the Monza International School of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (MISPHO)-Part 1Google Scholar
- 19.Sala A, Antillon F, Meeting Report. Nutritional status in children with cancer: a report from the AHOPCA Workshop, Guatemala City, 31 Aug–5 Sept 2004.Google Scholar
- 20.Global Task Force on expanded access to cancer care and control in developing countries. [Internet]; [cited 2013 March 24]. Available from: http://gtfccc.harvard.edu