Dementia and Neurologic Syndromes: Distinctions Between Alzheimer’s, Vascular Dementia, and Parkinson’s
Age-associated neurologic disease can be an important determinant of functional outcome after surgery. Neurologic diseases in the elderly encompass many divergent conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease with dementia, cerebrovascular disease, and neurologic effects of other systemic disease. The common elements among the dementias are cognitive decline and a secondary impairment in functional outcome. Any stressor, including surgery and anesthesia, can potentially cause acute deterioration in cognition and function.
KeywordsOrthostatic Hypotension Vascular Dementia Cholinesterase Inhibitor Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Frontotemporal Dementia
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