Developmental Anatomy

  • Leonard E. Swischuk
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter deals with developmental anatomy of the cervical spine. It emphasizes normal structures that are seen in the growing spine, which often can be misinterpreted for pathology.

References

  1. 1.
    von Torklus D, Gehle W. The upper cervical spine: regional anatomy, pathology and traumatology, a systematic radiological atlas and textbook. New York: Grune & Stratton; 1972.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bailey DK. The normal cervical spine in infants and children. Radiology. 1952;59:712–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chambers AA, Gaskill MF. Midline anterior atlas clefts: CT findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1992;16:868–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Swischuk LE, Hayden Jr CK, Sarwar M. The dens–arch synchondrosis versus the hangman’s fracture. Pediatr Radiol. 1979;8:100–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard E. Swischuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric RadiologyUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

Personalised recommendations